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(the issue prepared by HRC “Memorial” in Nazran)


Dear colleagues,

‘Memorial’ Human Rights Center presents its latest information bulletin showing the results of its monitoring of human rights abuses in the armed conflict zone in the Chechen Republic and the neighbouring Republics of Ingushetia and North Osetia

Your questions and comments, please, send to:

386100 Republic Ingushetia, Nazran, Mutalieva, 46 Human Rights Centre “Memorial”

e-mail: memorial@southnet.ru

phone/fax + 7 (8732 ) 22 23 49

II. The Situation in the Chechen Republic and Republic Ingushetia: October 2004

  1. Statistics

According to HRC “Memorial”’s data*, during October 2004:

(*The human rights center carries out monitoring in 5 out of the 17 regions of the Chechen Republic, therefore the following data is incomplete):

1.Killed: 10 persons

2. Kidnapped: 36 persons

NB! Given the specific nature of the monitoring carried out in the Chechen Republic, it has to be acknowledged that the information received over the past two months is less than usual and will be gradually supplemented over the following few months. Therefore, regrettably, the numbers of those killed and abducted in October 2004 will inevitably grow.

II. From the “Chronicle of Violence”

On 3 October in the village Chechen-Aul, in Groznenskii Selskii Region, several households were damaged as a result of artillery fire.

According to the village’s inhabitants, a little after eight o’clock in the evening two artillery shells exploded in the courtyard of two private homes on Partizanskaya St. Fortunately the shells did not land in the house itself and there were no fatalities. The houses in the epicentre of the explosion were partially damaged.

On 9 October in Grozny in the area of the Central Market, Magomed Khamidov (born 1968, resident in Starye Atagi village) was detained by members of unidentified security and law enforcement structures. At 9.30 am, when Hamidov was in his sister’s shop, armed men in camouflage uniform and speaking in Chechen, entered the shop. Without introducing themselves or showing their identification papers, they took him away.

Before the start of military actions Hamidov lived in Grozny, spent several years in Norway and was a member of an international organisation for migration. He returned home at the beginning of July 2004.

The reason for Magomed Hamidov’s abduction is not known. According to his relatives, he never belonged to any armed groups and was never engaged in any illegal activity.

On 11 October the body of a young man was brought in to the Kurchaloevskii ROVD. The body had been found not far from Avtury village, Shalinskii district of Chechnya. On the same day “sweep” operations were carried out in Avtury and Serzhen-Yurt. The villages were closed off by local and federal security and law enforcement structures. According to the local inhabitants, they were looking for Maskhadov; many young men were detained and then released after being checked. An examination of the body which had been found established that death had been a result of multiple shrapnel wounds. It was also established that the dead man was an inhabitant of Geldagan village in Kurchaloevskii region – Lom-Ali Derlishev (born 1983). When the body was brought to the ROVD ther wounds were still bleeding, which showed that he had been killed recently. He was wearing a black tee-shirt, yellow trousers and white trainers. The body was collected by his relatives and buried.

On 14 October at about 2.30 in the morning in a house on Greidernaya St in the village of Novyi Sharoi (Achkhoi-Martanovskii Region), Aslan Badaev (born 1981) was seized by unknown men armed with automatic weapons and dressed in camouflage uniform, and taken away in an unknown direction. The whereabouts of the young man have yet not been established.

On 15 October the 45-year-old Ruslan Bulatov, a native of Urus-Martan, and registered on 1st Polevaya St of that town, was abducted by members of the security forces of the RF. He had recently been living in one of the temporary residence centres in Grozny, from where the abduction was carried out.

A few days later Ruslan was abandoned on a rubbish tip on the edge of town. According to his neighbours he had been severely beaten and had been tortured.

Ruslan Bulatov does not know exactly where he was held. All he remembers clearly is a woman’s scream which could be heard from time to time. Evidently it was the screams of a detained woman who was also being tortured.

On 24 October at about 2 p.m. in Prigorodnoye village of Groznenskii (Selskii) Region, unidentified, masked men in camouflage uniforms arrived in 3 cars (VAZ 21099 model, silver colour with darkened windows) and abducted Ramzan Murtaliev (born in 1982/83, resident on Zarechnaya St).

On 25 October the kidnapped man’s relatives, with the help of personal contacts among the police and the Russian military, managed to find Ramzan located with the so called Oil Regiment which is deployed in the area of the Northern Bazaar in Grozny. His family were able to secure the young man’s release.

In reply to the indignant relatives’ question why had the young man been detained, the soldiers of the Regiment replied that it seemed he had been mistaken for some armed fighter.

On 25 October Shamil Bibulatov and his son Aslanbek Taramov were abducted from the village of Novye Atagi in the Shalinskii District of Grozny. According to his fellow villagers, Taramov was mentally ill. The same day the abductors abandoned Aslambek on the outskirts of the neighbouring village of Chechen-Aul; he had been shot in the leg. In the same place was also found a man from the settlement of Chiri-Yurt, Ismailov, who had been severely beaten. Ismailov had been detained at the same time as Taramov. On the same day, 25 October, three men were also abandoned at the same place. All had been beaten and were taken to the hospital in Chiri-Yurt.

Shamil Bibulatov’s fate remained unknown at the beginning of November. According to the other villagers, he had already been detained once before during a “sweep” operation which had taken place in Novye Atagi between 12 and 14 October. The reason for his detention was the long beard which Bibulatov wore. What had served as the reason for his abduction this time is not known.


On 29 October members of unidentified security forces abducted three young men from their home in the village of Churt-Togi (Petropavlovskaya station) in Groznenskii (Selskii) Region: Yveis Gulaev (born 1982), Bislan Magomadov (born 1978), and one other young man (who refused to give his name).

The last of these was released on the following day, after torture and beatings. The young man does not know where he was held, as he was blindfolded almost all the time. The blindfold was taken off only for a few seconds during interrogation, where he saw before him three men who had clearly been brought by force. It was suggested that they might make an identification. However the detained men could not identify him.

The inhabitants of the settlement, indignant at the actions of the security sevices, blocked the main road which passed through the village and demanded that the authorities take immediate measures to look for the abducted men. The Head of the regional Police came out to talk to them and promised to find the abducted men. At midday a man in camouflage drove up to the crowd and advised that one of the abducted men would soon be brought to the village.

Indeed, on the same day Bislan Magomadov was brought to the village and released. He had been held for almost 24 hours in a Division under the command of Ramzan Kadyrov in the village Avtury in Shalinskii Region. There he had been beaten and tortured. After returning home Bislan continued to cough blood, but his mother, afraid that might be abducted again, is too scared to consult a doctor.

Explosions and attacks on the Police and the Military

On 9 October on the main road between the settlements of Chiri-Yurt and Novye Atagi in Shalinskii Region unknown attackers blew up a car (“UAZ” model) in which staff from the Shatoiskii commandant’s office were travelling. As a result two Russian soldiers were killed.

During the night of 3 to 4 October, in the village of Sernovodsk in Sunzhenskii Region of the Chechen Republic, unidentified armed men stole hand weapons from members of the Sunzhenskii ROVD. Weapons were stolen from the expert criminologist Asker Murtazaliev and the local policeman Alikhan Susurkaev. An unsuccessful attempt was also made to steal hand arms from local inspector Lom-Ali Khildikharoev.

According to Lom-Ali Khildikharoev, at about 40 minutes past midnight three armed and masked men broke into his house. At this time were present Lom-Ali himself, his wife Liza, their young baby and Lom-Ali’s mother Baizant. The unknown men, threatening to shoot, demanded money and weaponry (a Makarov pistol and an AKM automatic rifle). Lom-Ali replied that he did not have any money, and would not give up his weapons, adding that during his time as an inspector, he had never done harm to any man, and if the strangers did not abandon their demands, then they would have to kill everyone in the house, which they were welcome to do if they were not afraid of blood revenge. At the same time Lom-Ali’s wife, who was with the baby in the bedroom, contacted the ROVD by portable radio and informed the duty officer that unknown men had attacked their house. Lom-Ali managed to cock his pistol and demanded that the stangers leave the house. The armed men left, threatening to return. Men from the ROVD arrived at the site 40 minutes later.

On 6 October at the Central Market in Grozny two unidentified men opened fire with automatic weapons and killed Adam Ortsev (born 1980) from the Shalinskii Department of ORB-2 (Department for combat of organised crime)The unknown assassins managed to get away.

On 13 October at 3am Shamil Khataev, a 30-year-old inhabitant of Novyi Gordali village was called out of his house by unknown men. Not suspecting anything, Shamil went out into the courtyard in response to the call, where he was shot in the throat by an automatic weapon. The intruders made their escape. Shamil was taken to Gudermess Municipal Hospital No 2 in a serious condition.

On 21 November 2002 his brother Vakha was abducted by Federal troops, and is still listed as missing. According to fellow villagers, Vakha was abducted instead of Shamil, who was wanted for his membership of the combatant troops. Later Shamil was amnestied and had been working recently in Kadyrov’s security service.

On 31 October at 7.30am a car (Zhiguli 7 model), parked at the side of the Staropromyslovkoye Highway, exploded at the moment there was passing by a cortege of vehicles containing members of the Security Service of Kadyrov returning from a special operation. As a result of the explosion, three members of the Security Service were injured. Several cars in the cortege were seriously damaged.

By 8am the injured had been brought to the Municipal Hospital No 8. After a guard was set up for their protection both in the hospital unit and around it, there was a second explosion, which occurred in the hospital’s courtyard. On this occasion also the explosives were contained in a Zhiguli 7.

The second explosion caused the death of one member of the Security Service, according to information from the Law Enforcement Agencies. Another 18 received injuries of varying degrees of severity. They comprised 14 Kadyrovtsy and 4 civilians.

A large number of cars, situated nearby, were damaged in the explosion at the hospital. The quite recently renovated hospital building was also damaged, and houses within a 100-200 metre radius had their windows blown in.

Following this repeat attack, the Security Service people took away all their wounded, apparently to the Russian base at Khankala. In order to transport them they requisitioned all the vehicles of Hospital No 9 and the town’s First Aid center. At 10.50am on the same day Ibragim Aleroev (born 1959), a worker at the First Aid Center, was brought to the hospital. According to the doctors and hospital attendants, it became clear that the Kadyrovtsy had demanded his car in order to transport their wounded to Khankala. Aleroev refused, explaining that the First Aid Center did not even have enough petrol to allow them to help the town’s inhabitants. At this point the incensed Security Service men shot him several times with automatic weapons

The full “Chronicle of Violence” for October (in Russian) can be found at the HRC “Memorial” website at: http://www.memo.ru/hr/hotpoints/caucas1/rubr/2/index.htm


Discovery of a Mass Grave in Grozny

On 8 October in the morning, a mass grave was discovered in Grozny at the corner of Mayakovskogo St and Chicherina St.

On the previous evening, workers undertaking digging work (laying pipes under a house foundation) had come across 3 bodies in polythene bags at a depth of approximately 1 metre. This ‘dreadful discovery’ was reported to the Law Enforcement Agencies – ROVD and the Procurator’s Office of Zavodskii Region – at about 6pm. On the next day (8 October) it was about one o’clock by the time an investigative Brigade from the Procurator’s Office and ROVD arrived at the burial site. “Memorial” monitors were already there, having received news about the burial site in the morning. During the course of operational-investigative work it was established that all three corpses were female. The cause of death of all three women was provisionally stated to be gunshot wounds to the head. The women were buried a few metres from buildings where, in 2000-2001, was housed a division of Russian Federation troops, and near a checkpoint manned by Federal troops which had been set up in 2000 and removed in 2003.

As the court medical expert and investigators were carrying out their work, Procurator Sirotinin of the Staropromyslovskii Region and his assistant arrived. The exhumation process was filmed by journalists from Chechen Television and Radio and by a colleague from “Memorial”. When he saw the colleague from “Memorial” with a video camera, Sirotinin asked to see what she had filmed. The monitor handed over the camera. Taking hold of the camera, the Procurator paid compliment to the quality of the material filmed, then immediately gave instructions to his subordinate: “Confiscate the cassette, record it onto another tape, then erase the original; interrogate her as a witness.” When the Memorial monitor objected to this arbitrary outrage, Sirotinin announced: “The camera to be confiscated too“.

“Memorial” continued to register protest at these illegal actions. Sirotinin replied that he represented the Law, and knew better what should be done. The wrangle continued for over half an hour, with the representatives of the Procurator’s Office behaving in an agressive threatening manner. However the “Memorial” monitors were backed up by people who had gathered, members of the Chechen OMON as well as a former member of Kadyrov’s Security Service who happened to be there. They told the procurators that they would not let them leave until they returned the camera film. Finally they reached a compromise: the representatives from both Procurator’s office and “Memorial” would go to the OMON where a copy of the tape would be made. At this point the incident was closed.

Sackings for Expressing Condolences to the Relatives of an Insurgent

During the night of 6 to 7 October, not far from the village of Nikkhita in Kurchaloevskii Region, during a special operation carried out by members of Russian Special Forces, four insurgents were killed, including Ayub Guchigov, an inhabitant of Kurchaloi village.

On 9 October Guchigov was buried by his relatives. During the three days of tezet (mourning), many fellow-villagers came round to the Guchigovs’ house to express their condolences. A week after the funeral the Chief of the Kurchaloevskii ROVD, Roman Edilov, called to his office three members of his staff - local inspector Alkhu Umakhanov and policemen Ilias Vakhidov and Said-Emi Minkailov - and demanded that they write a resignation letter. Edilov explained that the demand came from Ramzan Kadyrov. All three wrote resignation letters addressed to the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Chechen Republic. Soon instructions were issued for the resignation of the Head of the Administration of Kurchaloi Damilbek Elbiev, the Head of the Department of Education of the Region, Adlan Guchigov, and the Director of the Kurchaloi Secondary School No 2, Honorary Teacher of Russia, Makhmud Dokhtukaev. They were also forced to write their own resignation letters. The reason for the sacking of all these people was that they had expressed their condolences to the relatives of the insurgent who had been killed.

Round Table Discussion on Abductions

On 29 October in the “Grozinform” Agency in Grozny a round table discussion was held to discuss the subject of abductions. Invitations to take part in the round table discussion were sent to representatives of the Law Enforcement and Security Agencies and Human Rights Organisations. Those invited included V. P. Kravchenko, Procurator of the Chechen Republic, A. Rozhin, Head of the UFSB of the Russian Federation for Chechen Republic, G. P. Fomenko, Military Commendant of the Chechen Republic, V. E. Petrov, Head of Criminal Investigations Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Chechen Republic, L.Khasuev, Representative for Human Rights in the Chechen Republic, N. Estemirova from the Human Rights Center “Memorial” as well as representatives from the Union of Women-Mothers of the Chechen Republic.

However the Procurator, Head of the UFSB and the Military Commendant did not turn up for the Round Table discussion.

V.E. Petrov, in reply to questions from the human rights workers, announced that the number of abductions had decreased. In the first 9 months of this year, he said, 284 people had been abducted. Moreover, in 119 cases, according to what he said, the identity of the abuctors had been established and 10 of these crimes had been uncovered. The Head of Criminal Investigations stressed that unfortunately these were all cases where the kidnappers had turned out to be common criminals demanding a ransom. Petrov thought that more than half of all abductions took place in Grozny. Moreover, not one of the crimes was discovered to have been committed by members of Russian security or law enforcement agencies. In his opinion, the reason for this was the presence in Chechnya of a huge number of completely separate agencies with no co-ordination of action either between them, or, above all, with local police departments. The second reason was that the various agencies were too closed, and entry to their territory was not even allowed to senior members of the local MVD.

At the conclusion of the round table discussion, each participant was invited to suggest what measures, in his or her opinion, would curtail the practice of abducting people in the Chechen Republic. “Memorial” representatives talked of the necessity of outlawing the practice of taking hostage relatives of members of the combatant groups in order to force them to surrender. However, that same evening the main TV channels were broadcasting the statement by the General Procurator of the Russian Federation to the Deputies of the State Duma in which he advocated the legalisation of such hostage-taking.

The Trial Action at Law in the case of the Chechen Committee for National Salvation (CCNS)

On 25 October in the Nazran Regional Court of the Republic of Ingushetia took place the court case of the Regional Social Movement “Chechen Committee for National Salvation” (Chairman – Ruslan Badalov), submitted by the Procurator’s Office of the Republic of Ingushetia, which had judged the information disseminated by the said organisation to be extremist.

The presiding judge was Ali Ozdoev. The prosecution was led by the Procurator Magomed Aushev and Khamzat Barkinkhoev from the Directorate of the Ministry of Justice for Ingushetia. The CCNS’s defence was provided by the organisation’s own lawyers Sherip Tepsaev and Zarema Gandaloeva.

During the hearing, which lasted more than two hours, each side defended its position, presenting the court with its own reasoning. To argue their case the CCNS lawyers presented two conclusions of the Moscow-based “Independent Council for Legal Expertese” as well as an interview given by V. Kalamanov, the Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation for Human Rights and Freedoms of the Citizen in the Chechen Republic and by O. Mironov, the former Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation. In these essays the State human rights workers often referred to the fact of mass abuses of the human rights of the civilians of Chechnya.

In addition, the court was also presented with reports and bulletins by leading Russian and international human rights organisations regarding the situation in the Chechen Republic, which bore witness to the continuing arbitrary outrages and violence taking place there.

The CCNS lawyers were able to show that the organisation’s work was carried out in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation (Article 29 guaranteed every citizen the freedom of thought and word) and Article 10 of the European Convention which guarantees the freedom of expression of thought.

On the basis of the presented documents the court refused to allow the claim made by the Procurator’s Office of the Republic of Ingushetia that the information disseminated by the CCNS was extremist.


Situation in Prigorodny District of North-Osetia –Alania

In the fall of 1992 in Prigorodny district of North Osetia-Alania broke out a short but very ferocious armed conflict between the Ingushis and the Osetians. According to different estimates 35-50, 000 Ingush were expelled from their historic homeland in Prigorodny district of North Osetia-Alania and the capital city of Vladikavkaz; the majority of them fled to the neighboring Ingushetia. For 11 years now Ingush forced migrants waiting for the chance to return home have been fighting for survival in tents, trucks and barracks of the refugee camps.

On October 11, 2002 the Presidents of Ingushetia and North Osetia signed The Agreement for Promoting Cooperation and Neighborly Relations between the republics. The situation started to change for the better, tensions were gradually alleviating.

After the terrorist Act in Beslan the situation in Prigorodny district has significantly complicated. This was caused by two factors: actively circulated gossips that hostage-taking in Beslan was organized by the Ingushis, and the history of unresolved ethnic tension.

In October the level of tension remained very high, however, no clashes on ethnic grounds were registered. The authorities pay much attention to maintaining order in the region. Nonetheless, in October HRC “Memorial” documented several alarming cases, which in our view point to the necessity of close attention to ethnic processes in the Prigorodny district.

On October 2, 2004 at 8: 40 in the morning the wagon of Khamkhoev family, residing in Majskij, a the camp for Ingush forced migrants from North Osetia, arrived a car YAZ-970 (15 region). A man got out of the car, knocked on the door of the wagon and asked for Dzamalejl (the nick used by the family) or Khamkhoev Magomed, born 1980. The mother got out, she woke her son up and he came out.

The visitors were four: one in the military uniform, three in the civilian attire without masks, they were armed with “Kalashnikov” machine guns and Makarov pistols. When Magomed asked “What’s the problem”, the unidentified servicemen explained that they wanted to talk to him and forced him into their car. On the way they started beating him, them brought to the forest, located 20 kilometers of Vladikavkaz, and continuing to beat him up severely, tried to acknowledge his participation in hostage-taking in Beslan.

Beatings continued for about 1,5 hours, Magomed several times lost consciousness. Then he was brought to Oktyabr’skoe village (the administrative center of Prigorodny district) and one of the kidnappers entered a block of flats and brought a case with papers. Magomed was told to sign some document, which he refused to do before and asked to read it first. He was not allowed to read the paper, instead was taken to a military training platz between Oktyab’sky and Tarski. There beatings continued for another 40 min: Magomed was kicked with boots in the area of stomach and between the legs. He passed out and regained consciousness only in the car, just before he was abandoned at the highway not far from Mayskij. By the time Magomed managed to get home, it was 11: 45 a.m.. A few hours later Magomed’s condition became very bad, he had fever almost 40 degrees. Early in the morning he was hospitalized to Nazran Republican hospital. Magomed had several serious surgeries and will remain physically disabled.

On October 23 at around 11 a.m. a group of men from Beslan (about 200-200) by some 50 cars approached the administrative border of Reoublics Ingushetia and North Osetia-Alania. The convoy was stopped at the checkpoint # 105 by the personnel of local militia. The residents of Beslan demanded that Chechens and Ingushis were prohibited from using the highway Nazran-Beslan. After negotiations with the representatives of the authorities, the convoy returned to Beslan.

Memorial registered several cases when medical aid was denied to the residents of North Osetia of Ingush nationality. Thus, Yandieva Roza, a resident of Majski village was denied a course of massage fro her 6 month old daughter, suffering neck bone distortion. Itazova Khava, the resident of the same village could not receive aid and was insulted by women, who gathered at the policlinic of Oktyabrskoje village, where Khava came for consultations on treatment of her two sons, both ill with cancer. Ostkanova Gulya was refused medical aid at the maternity house, when labor was approaching. The doctors of Majskij polyclinic were unable to send clinical tests to the central laboratory.

Nonetheless, along with individual cases of ethnic hostility, the majority of Osetian people understand that Ingushis cannot be blamed for the tragedy in Beslan. Thus, according to the Ingush doctors, the head of health department of Prigorodny District, Medoev Mikhail Magomedovich, invests a lot of effort in maintaining favorable ethnic climate in the region and does everything to help the Ingush doctors. Another respondent, who preferred not to disclose her identity, told “Memorial” that when in a shuttle bus she and three other Ingush women were insulted by an aggressive youngster, an elderly Osetian man abrupt him, told him to shut up and apologized with the Ingush ladies.



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05.10.2009 October 6, the second court hearing in a suit brought by Ramzan Kadyrov against Mr. Orlov and HRC Memorial

02.10.2009 Dagestan: After Disappearances, Only Death

30.09.2009 Bulletin of the Memorial Human Rights Center "Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone: analysis from the human rights perspective. Spring 2009"

28.09.2009 Crime and Prehistory (how one becomes an insurgant)

25.09.2009 First court session in case of Kadyrov vs HRC Memorial and Orlov

23.09.2009 Another abduction in Dagestan

23.09.2009 September 25, the first court hearing in a suit brought by Ramzan Kadyrov against Mr. Orlov and HRC Memorial

18.09.2009 Stop political persecution of human rights activists in Novorossiisk

18.09.2009 European Court demanded from Russian government information about abducted man

17.09.2009 To the Seventieth Anniversary of September 17, 1939. Statement

16.09.2009 Leaders of Dagestan are not ready for dialogue with civil society

15.09.2009 Abductions in Ingushetia. Do the tracks lead to Chechnya?

15.09.2009 Round table in Nazran (Ingushetia). Meeting of NGOs with the High Commissioner of CE for human rights Thomas Hammarberg

14.09.2009 Number of crimes in Dagestan increased radically

14.09.2009 Ingushetia: abducted 19-year-old teenager forced to slander on himself under torture

14.09.2009 Picket in defense of Evgeny Zhovtis

11.09.2009 HRC Memorial member in Krasnodarsky krai under pressure

10.09.2009 Kadyrov v. Orlov and Memorial HRC: Date Set for First Hearing

09.09.2009 Dagestan. Meeting of the relatives of abducted Sirajudin Shafiev

08.09.2009 Mr. Hammarberg and Mr. Lukin in Memorial office

08.09.2009 Another abduction in Dagestan

08.09.2009 Open appeal on the threats against human rights activists and journalists in Dagestan

07.09.2009 Unidentified people collect information about members of HRC Memorial

31.08.2009 "Death Squads" in the North Caucasus. Summer of 2009

27.08.2009 Ingushetia: killing of Shamil Makhloev – another extrajudicial execution

26.08.2009 Dagestan: public meeting of relatives of abducted young men

26.08.2009 Another extrajudicial execution in Dagestan

26.08.2009 Five young men abducted in Dagestan

21.08.2009 Meeting in the memory of Natalia Estemirova

21.08.2009 Ingushetia: special operation or extrajudicial execution?

20.08.2009 Dagestan: fire in a human rights organization

20.08.2009 Memorial members in Chechnya find themselves under surveillance

20.08.2009 The killing of Russian family in Chechnya

20.08.2009 Chronicle. July 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

05.08.2009 Kyrgyzstan: the disappearance of Uzbek asylum seekers

03.08.2009 Accounts for the benefit of Lana Estemirova

03.08.2009 The Story of search and return of Maskhud Abdullaev

24.07.2009 On the Persecution of Human Rights Organizations of Kazan

23.07.2009 European Justice In Russia Might Be Delayed

23.07.2009 Condolences from Bernard Kouchner, head of French Foreign Ministry

22.07.2009 Maskhud Abdullaev met his mother in Azerbaijan

22.07.2009 FIDH and Civic Assistance Committee invite you to the presentation of the report "Russian society under control"

21.07.2009 In the Memory of Natalia Estemirova

21.07.2009 Aziz Albekov released

21.07.2009 Human Rights Activists met Maskhud Abdullaev

20.07.2009 Chronicle. June 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

20.07.2009 Memorial suspends its work in Chechnya

20.07.2009 Telegram of Dmitry Medvedev to Memorial

08.07.2009 Public appeal to the President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev and to the President of the USA Barak Obama of the representatives of the civil society.

07.07.2009 Russia: Protect Rights in North Caucasus

07.07.2009 In Ingushetia the officers of law enforcement authorities get the confessions using tortures

07.07.2009 Chechnya: The picket of relatives of the abducted

07.07.2009 The Abduction of Korean citizen failed

03.07.2009 Bulletin of the Memorial Human Rights Center Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone: analysis from the human rights perspective. Spring 2009

29.06.2009 Maskhud Abdullaev is in Chechnya

29.06.2009 Defendants in "Case of 12" are disappointed with the cancellation of the jury trial

04.06.2009 Russia: Prosecute Rights Violations in North Caucasus

03.06.2009 Chronicle. May 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

29.05.2009 On the EU-Russia consultations on human rights. Reports

26.05.2009 Announcement. Report "On the situation of residents of Chechnya in the Russian Federation. October 2007 – April 2009"

26.05.2009 On the situation of residents of Chechnya in the Russian Federation. October 2007 – April 2009

25.05.2009 On the creation of the Commission under the President. Public Statement of the society Memorial.

25.05.2009 EU-Russia: consultations on human rights. The report of Memorial, HRC

14.05.2009 End of the case of search in the Memorial office (SPb). Results and lessons

14.05.2009 "For your and our freedom". Concert supporting political prisoners.

12.05.2009 Piquet in Memory of Victims of Events in Andizhan

06.05.2009 Chronicle. April 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

05.05.2009 Another abduction in Ingushetia

21.04.2009 North Caucasus: alarming tendencies

23.04.2009 European Court announced the 100th judgment in case from Chechnya

22.04.2009 Decision of European Court in case of Alaudinova vs. Russia is expected tomorrow

21.04.2009 Ingushetia: another special operation or new extrajudicial execution?

15.04.2009 "Uzbeks from Ivanovo" get temporary asylum

14.04.2009 The Abduction of Yusup Zagirov. Office of Public Prosecutor keeps silence

09.04.2009 Uzbekistan. 1452 stories

09.04.2009 New Abductions in Dagestan

08.04.2009 List of people arrested and convicted because of political and religious reasons in Uzbekistan in 2004-2008

07.04.2009 Ingushetia: refugees are still being pressed out to Chechnya

07.04.2009 Attack on Lev Ponomarev. Who will be next?

06.04.2009 International Day of the Roma

06.04.2009 List of people arrested and convicted because of political and religious reasons in Uzbekistan in 2004-2008

06.04.2009 Why the attack on Lev Ponomarev isn't being investigated?

03.04.2009 Statement of Chechen and Ingush Activists on Attack on Ponomarev

03.04.2009 Ingushetia: Special Operation in the Village of Sleptsovskaya

03.04.2009 Human Rights NGOs About Attack on Lev Ponomarev

01.04.2009 Chechnya: New Acts of Counter-Terror

01.04.2009 Bulletin of the Human Rights Center “Memorial” Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone: analysis from the human rights perspective. Winter 2008-2009

27.03.2009 Chechnya: Houses of Relatives of Rebels are set on fire

26.03.2009 Memorial on Deportation of 1949 in Estonia

23.03.2009 Dagestan: Extrajudicial Execution

19.03.2009 Chronicle. January-February 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

10.03.2009 The events in Nookat: Is Kyrgyzstan at the crossroads?

09.03.2009 Liquidation of the village of Shankhaj (Chechnya)

10.03.2009 The events in Nookat: Is Kyrgyzstan at the crossroads?

06.03.2009 Chechnya: Student meeting in Grozny

05.03.2009 European Court of Justice once more recognized Russian soldiers responsible for killing of civilians

04.03.2009 Ingushetia: The situation of forced migrants from the Chechen Republic

02.03.2009 Monitoring of compliance with human rights, related to the events in Nookat on October 1, 2008

02.03.2009 Memorial Sent Appeal to President of Kyrgyzstan

02.03.2009 Dagestan: Alibek Abunazarov Released

02.03.2009 Search in Saint-Petersburg Memorial to be Investigated in Court

02.03.2009 Bulletin: Human Rights in the North Caucasus - autumn 2008

02.03.2009 New Human Rights Violations in Dagestan

02.03.2009 Russian Human Rights Activist Deported from Kyrgyzstan

20.02.2009 Jury acquitted four defendants in case of murder of Anna Politkovskaya

11.02.2009 Refugee from Uzbekistan Granted Asylum in Sweden

05.02.2009 Moscow and Saint-Petersburg Remember Victims of Novye Aldy

05.02.2009 Good News from Dagestan

04.02.2009 Geneva. UN Human Rights Council is expected to review Universal Periodic Review of Russia today

04.02.2009 Materials prepared by Russian NGOs for the Universal Periodic Review of russia in the United Nations Human Rights Council

03.02.2009 Open Letter from HRC Memorial to Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov

03.02.2009 Killer of Farid Babaev Was Sentenced to 16 Years of Prison

02.02.2009 Who is Feeding Civil War in Dagestan?

01.02.2009 Meeting in Memory of Markelov and Baburova

30.01.2009 The SOVA Center for Information and Analysis

28.01.2009 Ingushetia: Theft With Political Bias?

28.01.2009 HRC Memorial Public Statement. President Overrules New Law on State Secrets

27.01.2009 Human Rights Violations in Kyrgyzstan - Nookat Riots

22.01.2009 Please, find the English press-release of SIC "Memorial" (Saint Petersburg) regarding the court decision on the search of December 4, 2008 below. Court ruled the search in SIC "Memorial" illegal

22.01.2009 Piquet in Memory of Stanislav Markelov and Anastasia Baburova

22.01.2009 Chechen people protest against the killing of advocate and journalist

21.01.2009 Search Declared Illegal

20.01.2009 In Memory of Anastasia Baburova and Stanislav Markelov

20.01.2009 Court ruled the search in SIC “Memorial” illegal

19.01.2009 January 2009: New Abductions in Chechnya

19.01.2009 Killing of Advocate Stanislav Markelov. Statement of Memorial

19.01.2009 Court decision in the case of Memorial Research Center is to be announced today in Saint Petersburg

16.01.2009 Piquet — Freedom to Igor Sutyagin

16.01.2009 Austria: Bring Killers of Chechen Exile to Justice

15.01.2009 European Court issued judgment in case of abduction of resident of Ingushetia by FSB officials

14.01.2009 Sister of the member of Mothers of Dagestan arrested

14.01.2009 Debate in case of Farid Babaev scheduled Monday in Supreme Court of Dagestan

13.01.2009 Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone (summer 2008)

13.01.2009 New Abductions in Chechnya

12.01.2009 Bulletin of the Memorial Human Rights Center Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone: analysis from the human rights perspective Summer 2008.

24.12.2008 Open Letter of Sergey Kovalev to Public Chamber of Russian Federation

24.12.2008 South Ossetia: atmosphere, restoration, refugees, Russian soldiers

19.12.2008 Piquet Against Abuse of Power

18.12.2008 The law is not passed, yet the Supreme Court hastens to act

18.12.2008 Russian and Georgian NGOs meet at Memorial

16.12.2008 Human rights defense NGOs meet to commemorate 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

15.12.2008 Winners of award "Journalism as an Act of Conscience" announced in Moscow

15.12.2008 Russia was accused of deporting a political refugee

15.12.2008 HRC Memorial member Bakhrom Khamroev detained in Moscow

15.11.2008 Hostages in the South Caucasus conflict zone: October-November 2008

31.10.2008 Special Press Release of Human Rights Centre “Memorial” and Demos Centre Humanitarian consequences of the armed conflict in the South Caucasus

15.10.2008 Memorial Human Rights Center. Combat on Terrorism and Human Rights in the North Caucasus (April-October 2008)

15.10.2008 Information and Research Center «DEMOS», Center for the Development of Democracy and Human Rights. Freedom of Association

15.10.2008 Information and Research Center «DEMOS», Moscow Helsinki Group, International Youth Human Rights Movement. Freedom of Assembly

15.10.2008 Information and Research Center «DEMOS». Implementation of Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in Russia

15.10.2008 Independent Center for Legal Expertise. The State of the Judiciary System in Russia

15.10.2008 SOVA Center for Information and Analysis. The current anti-extremist legislation and its’ enforcement

15.10.2008 Memorial Human Rights Center. A former prisoner of an illegal detention place abducted in Chechnya

15.10.2008 Report dedicated to the next round of EU-Russia consultations on human rights. Combat on Terrorism and Human Rights in the North Caucasus

02.10.2008 European Court: Russia responsible for ‘presumed death’ of Chechen teenagers

02.10.2008 On 9 October 2008, European Court of Human Rights will deliver judgment in the case "Albekov and others v. Russia"

25.09.2008 The European Court declared Russia responsible for the death of Ruslan Mezhidov’s five relatives and awarded the applicant 100 thousand Euros

11.09.2008 A Month after the War

01.09.2008 Magomed Evloyev, Owner of Opposition News Website, Shot Dead by Security Services in Ingushetia

01.09.2008 HRC Memorial on the murder of Magomed Evloev

29.08.2008 Bulletin by Human Rights Center “Memorial” The situation in North Caucasus. Evaluation by human rights activists. Winter 2007-2008 – early March 2008

08.08.2008 Statement from the Memorial International Society: Stop the war

06.08.2008 A Victim Who Testified Against Illegal Prison Abducted in Chechnya

25.07.2008 The activist of a human rights organization and applicant to the European Court of Human Rights had been abducted in Ingushetia

07.07.2008 Statement of The Russian NGO Initiative for the Dialogue with the European Union on Human Rights

23.04.2008 Report by Sergey Kovalev at the meeting between the EU delegation and the delegation of the Russian NGOs on the eve of the new round of the EU-Russia consultations on human rights defence (Ljubljana, April 16, 2008)

17.04.2008 Report by the Memorial Human Rights Centre dedicated to the new round of consultations between the EU and Russia (Ljubljana, April 16, 2008).

26.03.2008 Council of Europe: Joint Open Letter to the Bureau of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

26.02.2008 Memorial HRC Employees’ Meeting with Chechen Republic President

21.02.2008 On the struggle for the moral purity in the Chechen Republic

20.02.2008 Statement from Moscow Memorial Regarding the Relocation of the Solovetsky Stone

17.02.2008 Lawlessness and Attempted Provocation in Nalchik: “Siloviki” Pressure the Family of Rasul Kudayev

12.02.2008 Ingushetia 2007: what is coming next?

19.12.2007 On the situation of residents of Chechnya in the Russian Federation. August 2006 - October 2007. Report of the HRC "Memorial", Migration Rights Network

05.12.2007 FIDH on the death of Farid Babaev

30.11.2007 European Court Passes Verdict in Favour of Relatives of Victims of Summary Executions in Staropromyslovsky District of Grozny in January 2000

28.11.2007 The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders: The Urgent Appeal

26.11.2007 FIDH communique: Intimidation and deliberate violence


26.11.2007 In memoriam of Farid Babaev

25.11.2007 Statement of the IHF: 24 November - Another black day for human rights and democracy in Russia

24.11.2007 Amnesty International press release "Russian Federation: Human rights activist and journalists beaten in Ingushetia"

24.11.2007 Dick Marty protests abduction of 'Memorial' President Oleg Orlov in Nazran

24.11.2007 Attack on Oleg Orlov, Head of “Memorial” Board and journalists from REN TV in Ingushetia

22.11.2007 Attempt on the Life of Farid Babaev, a Prominent Public Activist of Dagestan, Candidate to MP of the Russian State Duma from “Yabloko”. Babaev is in Critical Condition in Hospital

13.11.2007 A general responsible for war crimes about to “modernize” the Russian Army’s officer corps?

08.11.2007 The Situation in Ingushetia (November. 2007)

06.11.2007 Expelling refugees as a means of imitating the anti-terror campaign

03.11.2007 New Outburst of Violence in Prigorodny District of North Ossetia, the Area of Ingush-Ossetian Conflict

27.10.2007 The murder of brothers Galaev

25.10.2007 Appeal of the Memorial human rights activist in defence of the barrister Irina Kodzaeva.

23.10.2007 Release of Bagap Tutakov in Chechnya

22.10.2007 The legal system in Chechnya. Bulletin ¹ 1 (August 2007)

12.10.2007 Bagap Tutakov, former representative of the Ichkerian Parliament at the Parliamentarian Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), has been abducted in Chechnya

03.10.2007 On October 4, 2007 the court will consider the issue of initiation of a criminal case against an attorney at law of Kodzaeva, who was beaten by an investigator

26.09.2007 The Situation in the Republic of Ingushetia. En Route to Destabilization. September 2007

26.09.2007 Russian NGOs present their reports on the eve of the EU-Russia consultation on human rights The situation in the Chechen Republic

26.09.2007 Russian NGOs present their reports on the eve of the EU-Russia consultation on human rights Expelling refugees as a means of imitating the anti-terror campaign

20.09.2007 Mass Protest Rally in Ingushetia. Abducted Brothers Aushev Returned Home After Beatings and Torture

17.09.2007 Daghestan has provided land for permanent settlement to the inhabitants of the Borozdinovskaya Village still living in the camp of « Nadezhda ». Help to build houses is needed

30.08.2007 We tried our best… Changes in the situation for foreign citizens in the Russian Federation

Svetlana Gannushkina

10.08.2007 Abductions and Disappearances in the Republic of Dagestan

03.08.2007 Punitive Raid in Ingushetia: 27 Residents of Ali-Yurt Turned to Republican Hospital After a Morning "Visit" by Military Servicemen

19.07.2007 Bulletin of the HRC "Memorial" (Spring 2007)

31.05.2007 Statement of Memorial - On Our Work in Chechnya

May 2007 Fabrication of “Islamic extremism” criminal cases in Russia: campaign continues

04.05.07 Imminent provocation? Human rights activist from Ingushetia might become victim of security officials

02.05.07 The Situation in the North Caucasus: November 2006 - May 2007: Apotheosis of the "Chechenisation"

05.04.07 Open Letter by Russian Human Rights Organizations to the President of the United States

29.03.2007 Abduction Failed: Fifteen North Ossetia Law Enforcers Detained in Ingushetia

02.03.2007 International Memorial Nominated for the Nobel Prize

28.02.07 Svetlana Gannushkina is a Winner of the Czech Award "Homo Homini"

28.02.07 "The Caucasian Knot" - Winner of Gerd Bucerius Prize

01.02.07 “Counterterrorism Operation” by the Russian Federation in the Northern Caucasus throughout 1999-2006. Brief overview by the Human Rights Center "Memorial” and Center "Demos": Submitted to the Eminent Jurists Panel in January 2007 in connection with high level public hearings on terrorism, counterterrorism and human rights in Russia

30.01.07 Public Hearings on Terrorism, Counter Terrorism and Human Rights in Russia (Moscow)

15.01.07 "Memorial" newly Registered in Arkhangelsk




08.12.2006 In Chechnya a Resident of Stanitsa Assinovskaya was Abducted and Tortured

05.12.2006 Visit of the delegation of the PACE in Chechnya


18.08.2006 Chechnya: Under Public Pressure Investigator of Urus-Martan ROVD Officially Apologized For Attacking Defense Lawyer

18.08.2006 Chechnya: the Head of Investigating Department of Urus-Martan ROVD Attacks a Defense Lawyer

18.07.2006 Hunger strike of Ingush Forced Migrants from North Ossetia Has Continued for 14 days

05.07.2006 Address of the Conference “Human Rights in Russia in the Year of Her G8 Presidency and Council of Europe Chairmanship” to the Leaders of the G8 Nations

19.06.2006 Illegal Jail in Oktyabrsky District of Grozny was Functioning until May 2006

09.06.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
1. Should There Be No IDPs in Chechnya? Residents of Temporary Residence Centers Are Ready To Move But Only To Permanent Housing 6/06/06
2. A Man “Disappeared” on the territory of Government Administration in Grozny 8/06/06

01.06.2006 Special Operation in Stanitsa Nesterovskaya of Ingushetia: Security Servicemen Publicly Commit a Summary Execution

17.05.2006 There Should Be no Forced Migrants in Chechnya?

04.05.2006 Seven Days without Light. "Majskij" Camp for Ingush Forced Migrants from North Osetia Is Cut off Electricity

21.04.2006 In Ingushetia the Jury Acquits Magomed Aspiev, Accused of Armed Activity Against the Russian Federation

18.04.2006 On 9 April 2006, near the village of Sernovodsk, servicemen of unidentifie law enforcement agencies kidnapped Bulat Chilaev (born 1979)

13.04.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». Exacerbation of Tensions in the Area of Ingush-Ossetian Conflict
Ethnic Ingush "disappear" in Prigorodny District of North Ossetia. Crimes remain uninvestigated

21.03.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». March 2006. Discrimination

03.03.2006 Russian NGOs presented their reports in Vienna on the eve of the third round of EU-Russia consultations on human rights

02.03.2006 The Chechen Republic: Consequences of “Chechenization” of the conflict

02.03.2006 Vitaliy Ponomarev, Elena Riabinina. Concocting criminal proceedings for “Islamic extremism”

02.03.2006 Svetlana Gannushkina. On the situation of Chechens outside Chechnya July 2005 – February 2006

02.03.2006 Northern Caucasus. Conflict Spill-Over Outside the Chechen Republic in 2004-2005 (Ingushetia and Kabardino - Balkariya)

27.02.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». February 2006

27.02.2006 Ingushetia at the End of 2005: Explosions, Abductions, "Special Operations"

27.02.2006 Mulsim Gutseriev has been acquitted, the Jury Corrected 'Mistakes' of Investigators

05.02.2006 Representatives of Security Agencies Tried to Kidnap a Man From the Court Room After the Jury Passed an Acquittal

31.01.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». January 2006

23.01.2006 A Family Member of Applicant to European Court for Human Rights, Mekhti Mukhaev, Has been Illegally Detained and Subjected to Severe Torture

11.01.2006 The Borisovs: innocent people face 20 years in jail on trumped-up charges

09.11.2005 Starye Ataghi settlement was shelled

28.09.2005 A Conveyer of Violence. Human rights violations during anti-terrorist operations in the Republic of Ingushetia. September 2005

26.09.2005 An Open Letter to the Russian Public and the International Community

20.09.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». September 2005. “Ryazan trainings” continue in Nazran?

05.09.2005 The open letter to the Governments of the EU Member States and the Russian Federation, the Federal Assembly of Russia, the European Parliament, the European Commission, and the EU Council Secretary General

19.07.2005 The open letter to the Governments of the EU Members and the Russian Federation, the Federal Assembly of Russia, the European Parliament, the European Commission, and the EU Council Secretary General

05.07.2005 The Ivanovo “akromists” arrested for encroachment on the President and constitutional system of Uzbekistan

29.06.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» June 2005

01.06.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» April 2005

19.05.2005 Ingush-Osetian conflict of 1992: Roots and Evolvement (may 2005)

14.04.2005 Views of Russian NGOs - Human Rights Center "Memorial" and Center "Demos" Regarding the PACE Roundtable on Chechnya

06.04.2005 Mopping up operation in the village of Katayma in the city of Grozny

17.03.2005 Chechnya 2004: “New” Methods of Anti-Terror. Hostage taking and repressive actions against relatives of alleged combatants and terrorists

14.02.2005 Abducted Rights defender is free again

14.02.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»January 2005

09.02.2005 Cease-Fire in Chechnya and Talks with Maskhadov are Necessary. An Open Appeal to the President of the Russian Federation from Leading Russian Human Rights Activists

08.02.2005 Andreas Gross has directed the answer to the open letter Russian and International NGOs

08.02.2005 The Whereabouts of 7 Relatives of Maskhadov Remain Unknown

02.02.2005 [PACE] Declaration on the recent human rights violations in the Chechen Republic

01.02.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» December 2004

01.2005 From Chechenization to Palestinization - The Human Rights Situation in Chechnya and North Caucasus in 2004

24.01.2005 Open Letter from seven Russian and international human rights NGOs concerning the creation of a Round Table in the framework of the PACE Political Affairs Committee regarding human rights, democracy and the rule of law in the Chechen Republic

18.01.2005 We ask you to pay attention to the case of Zara Murtuzaliyeva - Monstrous fabrication of terrorism charge

14.01.2005 Chechnya: Who Is Behind Human Abductions?

12.01.2005 In December 2004 A. Maskhadov's eight relatives have been abducted in the Chechen Republic

10.12.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» November 2004

10.11.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» October 2004

04.11.2004 Power Agencies Assault the Mosque in Sleptsovsk

10.10.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» September 2004

10.09.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» August 2004

05.09.2004 Beslan: the Hostage-taking at the School

28.08.2004 Illegal Detainments and Summary Executions in Ingushetia (August-July)

24.08.2004 Armed Raid on Grozny, August 21, 2004

20.08.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
Chechen IDPs Forced Back to Chechnya: “Uchkhoz” in Yandare after June 21

10.08.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
July 2004

10.07.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
June 2004

10.06.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
May 2004

10.05.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
April 2004

07.05.2004 Refugees in Ingushetia. Reinstatement to the List. Only through Court?

15.04.2004 Detainment and Murders of 8 Shalinskii Region Residents of the Village of Duba-Urt

14.04.2004 Mother and Five Small Children Dead After Aerial Attack on Civilian House in Chechnya

10.04.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
March 2004

08.04.2004 Joint Statement by Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture, and Memorial "The Situation in Chechnya and Ingushetia Deteriorates. New Evidence of Enforced Disappearances, Rape, Torture, and Extrajudicial Executions"

10.03.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
February 2004

10.03.2004 "Voluntary Surrender" of Magomed Khambiev

10.02.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
January 2004

10.01.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
December 2003

Archive 1999-2003 ]