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REPUBLIC OF CHECHNYA, ARGUN
"DISAPPEARANCES" OF DETAINEES
"DISAPPEARED" FOUND IN UNMARKED GRAVES

In discussing events in Chechnya recently, the Russian media regularly touches on the problems of political regulation, returning refugees and rebuilding the economy.

We believe that the fundamental problems here are neither economic nor political. The most important issue in Chechnya today is one of human rights and, above all, the most basic human right of all, the right to life.

People are disappearing in Chechnya. They are not being kidnapped by bandits, but are being detained by the very same members of the federal armed forces who, according to official reports, are in Chechnya to establish constitutional law and order.

The Government of the Republic of Chechnya has a list of over 1,200 people who have disappeared without trace. More recently the even higher number of 2,000 has been quoted. The Chechnya Interior Ministry has more than 700 investigations open on people who have disappeared without trace. The Public Prosecutor has around 400 criminal investigations going on into the "disappearance" of people. Moreover, none of these lists claim to be complete and they are continuing to grow (see appendix, "How people disappear in Chechnya").

Chechnya currently has a population of about 600,000 people, in relation to which 1,000 or 2,000 is a huge number of people to disappear. For the equivalent to happen in the mega polis of Moscow several tens of thousands of people would have to disappear; about as many, as "disappeared" and were shot in the "great terror" from 1937 to 1938.

*****

We shall try to show how this is happening by using as an example the town of Argun. All of the problems of Chechnya as a whole can be found in Argun. Like a fragment of a hologram, the situation in Argun represents a small-scale copy of the overall situation.

So-called "mopping-up" operations are regularly carried out in Argun. During these operations, people "disappear" and are killed and robbed.

People "disappeared" during the "mopping-up" operation in the middle of last December. Federal troops arrested four policemen on 15 December 2001, who then disappeared.

"Disappearances" and killings accompanied the next "mopping-up" operation at the start of January 2002 (see the appendix, "'Mopping-up' Operation in Argun, 3 to 7 January 2002").

The most recent "mopping-up" operation took place here at the end of February and there were no such similar excesses. In the words of the regional public prosecutor, Timshin, he "put one of my men in each armoured personnel carrier". In other words, the presence of observers from the public prosecutor's office had an effect. However, on the last day of the "mopping-up" operation, some soldiers, described by the public prosecutor as "just passing through", took away one of the local residents, who then "disappeared".

*****

A NEW GRAVE IN ARGUN

Sometimes people are "found". On 2 March, another man was found in Argun who had "disappeared" during a "mopping-up" operation a year ago.

Yashurkaev Abdul-Vakhab Sulimovich, born 1940 and a resident of Argun, was arrested during a "mopping-up" operation carried out by federal troops in Argun between 11 and 14 March 2001 and "disappeared". In total, 11 people disappeared after being detained in the operation.

On 13 March 2001, in Khankaly, the main federal military base in Chechnya, a grave was found containing the bodies of four of the 11 "disappeared" from Argun. The bodies all bore signs of a violent death and the military prosecutor opened an investigation (No. 14/33/0132-01) into the discovery.

The Argun inter-regional public prosecutor's office for the Republic of Chechnya opened an investigation on 23 March (No. 45031) into the kidnapping of these 11 people under Article 126, paragraphs (a) and (g) of the Russian Criminal Code (kidnapping of two or more people by a number of people acting by prior agreement). On 11 May 2001, the investigation was transferred to the military prosecutor's office (v/ch 20102).

The relatives of those who had disappeared made enquiries with various official bodies, but were unable to obtain any information on A-V.S. Yashurkaev.

In March 2001, rumours circulated in Argun that the bodies of the rest of the "disappeared" were buried near a grain elevator. However, no grave was found and it is likely that this information was put about by members of the federal armed forces.

One year later, the relatives finally obtained details of the grave near the elevator.

On 2 March 2002, three bodies were exhumed. One of them was identified as that of Yashurkaev Abdul-Vakhab Sulimovich. On 3 March 2002, the remains of A-V.S. Yashurkaev were handed over to his relatives.

How A-V. Yashkuraev was found

On 28 February 2002, some youths who were minding cattle not far from the grain elevator on the edge of Argun noticed that some stray dogs were digging in the ground and trying to drag something out. On closer inspection they realised that it was a human leg. They went immediately to the commandant's office and told the women there, who passed the news on to people who were searching for missing relatives. A crowd soon gathered around the commandant's office, demanding that a search of the site be carried out. As there was no visible response from the public prosecutor's office, the crowd stayed there from 1 to 2 March. Only at 4.00pm on 2 March were they invited to identify the bodies. According to the public prosecutor from the inter-regional public prosecutor's office, Rostislav Viktorovich Timshin, it took almost three days for sappers to open a way through to the burial site.

There they found three shallow graves no more than 50 centimetres deep. Two had been exposed, obviously by the dogs. Bones had been picked bear and the skulls were missing. Also, no clothes were found. The corpse in the third grave was well preserved. Zalpa Yashurkaeva identified her husband, Yashurkaev Abdul-Vakhid Sulimovich (born 1940) from surgical scars. He had been taken away by Russian soldiers during the "mopping-up" operation from 11 to 14 March 2001. His head was also missing and the edge of the wound on his neck was ragged. The remains of his trousers were found next to the body, to which were stuck pieces of skull and teeth.

According to the public prosecutor R.V. Timshin, all three were killed and buried at the same time.

Statement of Yashurkaeva Zalpa, widow of Yashurkaev Abdul-Vakhab

The corpse was headless and there were knife wounds on the body. The body was preserved as if he had only died a week ago. There were blue weals on his legs and across his ribs as if they had beaten him with clubs. The body was clean, as if they had washed him. On his chest was hair from his beard. The left shoulder had been smashed and you could see the bones.

When he had the operation, he had a skin graft and they took 58 centimetres of skin from his leg. I recognised him by the marks from the operation.

The others: the bones of one had been separated; the bones of the lower half of the other one's body had remained together and the muscles were still there on the legs below the knees. It looked as though the flesh had been cut from the bones. Maybe the dogs had gnawed them. They weren't able to identify anyone else. There were no heads.

The youths saw that the dogs were digging up something and pulling at it. They went up, pulled at it and realised that it was a human leg. They went to the commandant's office and said there were bodies behind the flour factory. That was on Thursday (28 February). But the soldiers wouldn't let us get there. For three days they said there were no bodies. We said we wouldn't leave until they were exhumed. On 2 March at 4.00pm two armoured personnel carriers went out there with Masaev (a policeman), Eldiev Khusein (who is looking for his missing first cousin) and Idrisov Kharon (the deputy commandant). They dug them up and brought them back to the commandant's office. There were no clothes. They brought some trousers along with my husband, but they weren't his. They said they were by his head. They must have pulled them over his head and then blown him up. There were bone fragments from his skull and teeth (in the remains of the trousers). The cloth fell to pieces when you touched it. In the empty hole they found a piece of bandage and a sock. The sock was as good as new. They told us that there are another 24 sites that they are treating with suspicion, but that they are not going to check them until they have finished dealing with four men who were taken away on 2 March from their homes and whose bodies were handed over on 2 March.

*****

There are more than 60 people from the village who have been taken away, who have "disappeared" and have not been found.

*****

A FURTHER DISAPPEARANCE IN ARGUN

On 5 March the Russian Novosti press agency reported that

A policeman, a schoolboy and two local people have been killed in Argun. The news was reported to the Russian Novosti press agency on Tuesday at the regional operations headquarters in charge of the counter-terrorist operations in the northern Caucasus.

On Monday at around 0730 Moscow time, in a street in the town, police found the bodies of two local people, a policeman and a schoolboy, with signs of gunshot and shrapnel wounds. A grenade launcher, two Kalashnikov machine-guns and an 82mm calibre mortar bomb were removed from the scene.

An investigation was opened.

The next day, Interfax reported somewhat different information about the same event.

In the Chechen town of Argun, (10 km east of Grozny), Bislan Bikhaev, a local policeman, was killed. His body was found with multiple gunshot wounds on the edge of the town, near a derelict meat factory. This report was given to Interfax by the Administration for Internal Affairs for the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Chechnya.

Four days ago B. Bikhaev was taken from his home by a group of armed men in camouflaged uniforms, the Administration for Internal Affairs said. Along with his body, three more bodies were found, with gunshot wounds. They have since been identified.

To put it mildly, these reports are contradictory. But on 5 March, the press service for the Privolzhsky region internal forces produced what appeared to be an exhaustive and complete account of what had happened.

During the night from 3 to 4 March, scouts from an operational brigade of the Privolzhsky region of internal troops for the Ministry of internal affairs, staking out an industrial area to the south of Argun from where federal military helicopters had been fired on a number of times the previous day, came across a group of armed men trying to make their way covertly along Sakharozavodskaya street. Having got close to the group, the scouts opened fire on their target with machine guns and grenade launchers and began to pursue the fighters. At this point the soldiers came under fire from a second group of bandits who were covering the withdrawal of the first. During the fire fight, the brigade used its mortars. The skirmish lasted for about an hour. At dawn, an operational investigation group from the town's temporary internal affairs department, military counter-intelligence officers and investigator's from the procurator's office in Argun arrived. Four fighters were found dead along with the remains of another three bodies. Two Kalashnikov machine-guns had been abandoned along with an RPG-18 and an RPG-22 grenade launcher and a home made explosive device made from and 82 mm mortar bomb and several machine-gun magazines with 7.62 and 5.45 mm bullets. As well as military equipment, a pack of photographs was found, showing the attacks on the helicopters carried out by the bandits during the previous few days. Traces of blood and drag marks point to at least another three fighters having been wounded. All the trophies picked up at the site of the battle were handed over to the temporary internal affairs department in Argun. According to operations information which is available, the fighters who were wiped out were part of a group under field commander Yakub. There were no losses among the soldiers and officers of the privolzhsky operational brigade. Press-service for the Privolzhsky region internal troops for the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs.

What actually happened?

On Saturday 2 March at around midday, four Argun residents were seized and taken away to an unknown destination by soldiers who arrived in armoured vehicles. The residents were: Bekhaev Beslan, born 1974, Muzaev Alikhan, born 1979, Idrisov Shamil, born 1984, and Bargaev Apti, born 1983. According to their relatives, three were seized in their homes, and Idrisov was seized at a nearby crossroads. It appears that the soldiers simply grabbed the first people they could find. The soldiers were in all likelihood internal ministry troops from the 34th shumilovskaya region operational brigade. Within an hour, relatives had made written statements to various official authorities: to the town administration, the military commandant's office and the inter-regional prosecutor's office. However, for two days they were unable to obtain any information. By chance on 4 March at the offices of the town administration, they heard that four bodies were lying in the courtyard of the military commandant's office with multiple gunshot wounds. The relatives identified them as those who had been arrested and who had "disappeared" two days earlier. According to the soldiers, they were fighters who had been killed in a skirmish during the night of 3 March, from Sunday to Monday.

Photographs of the bodies immediately after they were handed over to relatives.

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The bodies of four residents of Argun, arrested by federal troops at around midday on 2 March 2002 were handed over to relatives on 4 March in the courtyard of the regional military commandant's office.
In the photographs: Apti Bargaev, born 1983 (1), Beslan Bekhaev, born 1974 (2), Shamil Idrisov, born 1984 (3), Alikhan Muzaev, born 1979 (4).

The soldiers' explanation of events contains several anomalies. These include: the fact that the date of the arrests and the "skirmish" do not coincide; the absence of any shrapnel wounds on the bodies; the only wounds are bullet wounds to the chest; stab wounds and signs of beatings and having been forced to kneel for long periods.

6.JPG

Inspection of the body of Muzaev revealed stab wounds to his legs.

For the last hours of their lives these people were tied up. The wrists of all of them show marks from being tied up with wire while they were still alive. It is difficult to fight while your hands are tied. They were wearing only light clothing and were in T-shirts. One was only in his underwear. These are clothes for the daytime, but in March it is cold at night. Tight short jeans are not fighting clothes and sandals are not the footwear you need to run through mud at night.

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The bodies of B. Bekhaev and A. Bargaev. A. Bargaev's wrist shows clearly visible marks from having been tied up for an extended period (probably with wire). Similar marks were on all four bodies.

All this leads one to doubt the successful routing of a group of "troops of field commander Yakub". Information gathered by Human Rights Centre "Memorial" confirms that firstly what took place was the unlawful arrest and extra-judicial execution of four young people. And secondly, there was a deliberate attempt to misrepresent the facts and to present the crime as a triumph in the "counter-terrorist operations".

*****

How the four residents of Argun "disappeared" and how they were found

On 2 March, at 12.00 noon, the following were arrested in their homes and taken to an unknown destination: Bislan Bekhaev, born 1974, Alikhan Muzaev, born 1979 and Apti Bargaev, born 1983, all from Voroshilov street, and Shamil Idrisov, born 1984, from Ustagordoevskaya street. When Apti Bargaev was put into a vehicle, his father asked the soldiers who their senior officer was. They pointed him towards a UAZ truck near the town administration building, two blocks from their house. His father went up to the vehicle and asked the general who was sitting there why they were arresting his son. The general replied that they were going to check his details against their computer database and would then release him. The general did not introduce himself and did not say where exactly they would carry out this check. Not believing his explanation, the relatives immediately made a statement to the town administration. Together with officers from the administration, they spent two days, all of Saturday and Sunday, nearby at the offices of the temporary department of internal affairs, the commandant's office and the public prosecutor's office, which are all in the same location. Officers of all of these departments told them they had no information about the fate of their children as the "mopping-up" operation was being carried out by soldiers who were "just passing through".

On Monday, in the morning of 4 March, it became known that four bodies were at the commandant's office. According to the public prosecutor, Timshin, soldiers from the 34th brigade of internal ministry troops, based at the grain elevator, had turned up and said that in the night they had killed four fighters in a fire fight and had picked up their weapons: machine-guns, two grenade launchers and equipment for setting an ambush. Everything was handed over to the prosecutor and documented. In the afternoon, the bodies were identified and it was established that they were Bislan Bekhaev, Alikhan Muzaev, Apti Bargaev and Shamil Idrisov. A criminal investigation was opened into their deaths, however, no-one has yet been charged.

According to neighbours and friends, none of these young people were connected with the fighters. Apti Bargaev had arrived two weeks previously from Ingushetia and had been supposed to get married ten days later.

Arbi, relative

I bathed and cleaned Muzaev Alikhan. There were knife wounds on his legs. They were made before he died. There was blood. His skull was smashed. He had clearly been dragged by the hair before he died. On the crown of his head there was almost no hair. There was a large bruise on his left hand. The skin on his cheekbone was torn. His knees were swollen and it looked as if he had been forced to kneel for a long period.

Apti's father

Bargaev Aptil had one deep wound below the stomach on the left, and three deep wounds around his waist. One right into the spine was up to five centimetres deep. They looked as though they had been made with a knife. Above his eyebrows there were two spots and the skin was torn. On his left side and left temple there were large bruises. We were unable to straighten out his arms and legs; they were already locked.

We collected the bodies and spoke with the senior investigator from the prosecutor's office. He is called Sasha. But he said to me: they called us at 7.00am and said to us that they had been involved in an attack during the night from Sunday to Monday. When we arrived there were four bodies and by all four there were weapons.

I asked him (Sasha), how they could have been fighting between Sunday and Monday if they were arrested on Saturday. Their arms bear marks from having been tied. How could they fight if they were tied up? I think their legs were tied as well.

Apti had a burn on his back as if they had pressed a piece of red-hot metal against him about ten centimetres long. The bullet wounds happened later than the knife wounds. On his left side beneath the shoulder the skin was torn, as if they had dragged him along. On his left little finger there is a cut as if it had been bored through with something. On his wrists there were scratch marks and signs that they had been tied.

When they were arrested, there was a UAZ truck standing by the administration building. There was a general sitting there who was in charge of them all. I asked him where they were taking our sons. The general replied that they were going to check them against the computer and would bring them back.

Father of Alikhan

Each of them had three knife wounds to the back. Above the knees there were other knife wounds. There were also wounds on their buttocks. On my son, there were no wounds at all on the front of his body, only on the back. 16 bullet wounds. 7.62 calibre bullets. He had been beaten heavily. There were even bruises under his armpits and there were holes, which looked as if they had been made with a knife.

Alkhazur (relative)

The first people to see the bodies were builders working at the commandant's office. It was morning and they saw the bodies being dumped into a room at the commandant's office. One of the workers recognised Shamil. Then the soldiers chased them away.

*****

All of this has been allowed to happen by the lack of a command structure for the armed forces operating in Chechnya. Attempts by the public prosecutor's office to establish control over so-called "special operations" and the places where detainees are temporarily held, all get sabotaged. Meanwhile, the lack of control means that special forces aim to imitate results for their operations rather than getting actual results, and this is what happened in the case of the "night time fire fight in Argun".

*****

P.S. RECENT EVENTS IN ARGUN

On 10 March 2002 at 10.00 am, three Argun residents were again taken away to an unknown destination (probably by soldiers from the 34th internal troop brigade, based on the edge of the town near the flour factory). They arrived in four armoured personnel carriers and a "Ural" car. One of those taken away was a doctor and physiotherapist from the local hospital, Tausultanov Mairbek, born 1948.

On 11 March, three Argun residents were arrested and taken away to an unknown destination. One of them, Khadzhimuradov Lechi, born 1983, was suffering from tuberculosis and was taken away without shoes or warm clothing. The other two were arrested near "khutor Murushkin".

On 12 March 2002, a charred corpse was delivered to the town commandant's office and Argun residents searching for their relatives went to identify it. The body has not yet been identified.

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05.10.2009 October 6, the second court hearing in a suit brought by Ramzan Kadyrov against Mr. Orlov and HRC Memorial

02.10.2009 Dagestan: After Disappearances, Only Death

30.09.2009 Bulletin of the Memorial Human Rights Center "Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone: analysis from the human rights perspective. Spring 2009"

28.09.2009 Crime and Prehistory (how one becomes an insurgant)

25.09.2009 First court session in case of Kadyrov vs HRC Memorial and Orlov

23.09.2009 Another abduction in Dagestan

23.09.2009 September 25, the first court hearing in a suit brought by Ramzan Kadyrov against Mr. Orlov and HRC Memorial

18.09.2009 Stop political persecution of human rights activists in Novorossiisk

18.09.2009 European Court demanded from Russian government information about abducted man

17.09.2009 To the Seventieth Anniversary of September 17, 1939. Statement

16.09.2009 Leaders of Dagestan are not ready for dialogue with civil society

15.09.2009 Abductions in Ingushetia. Do the tracks lead to Chechnya?

15.09.2009 Round table in Nazran (Ingushetia). Meeting of NGOs with the High Commissioner of CE for human rights Thomas Hammarberg

14.09.2009 Number of crimes in Dagestan increased radically

14.09.2009 Ingushetia: abducted 19-year-old teenager forced to slander on himself under torture

14.09.2009 Picket in defense of Evgeny Zhovtis

11.09.2009 HRC Memorial member in Krasnodarsky krai under pressure

10.09.2009 Kadyrov v. Orlov and Memorial HRC: Date Set for First Hearing

09.09.2009 Dagestan. Meeting of the relatives of abducted Sirajudin Shafiev

08.09.2009 Mr. Hammarberg and Mr. Lukin in Memorial office

08.09.2009 Another abduction in Dagestan

08.09.2009 Open appeal on the threats against human rights activists and journalists in Dagestan

07.09.2009 Unidentified people collect information about members of HRC Memorial

31.08.2009 "Death Squads" in the North Caucasus. Summer of 2009

27.08.2009 Ingushetia: killing of Shamil Makhloev – another extrajudicial execution

26.08.2009 Dagestan: public meeting of relatives of abducted young men

26.08.2009 Another extrajudicial execution in Dagestan

26.08.2009 Five young men abducted in Dagestan

21.08.2009 Meeting in the memory of Natalia Estemirova

21.08.2009 Ingushetia: special operation or extrajudicial execution?

20.08.2009 Dagestan: fire in a human rights organization

20.08.2009 Memorial members in Chechnya find themselves under surveillance

20.08.2009 The killing of Russian family in Chechnya

20.08.2009 Chronicle. July 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

05.08.2009 Kyrgyzstan: the disappearance of Uzbek asylum seekers

03.08.2009 Accounts for the benefit of Lana Estemirova

03.08.2009 The Story of search and return of Maskhud Abdullaev

24.07.2009 On the Persecution of Human Rights Organizations of Kazan

23.07.2009 European Justice In Russia Might Be Delayed

23.07.2009 Condolences from Bernard Kouchner, head of French Foreign Ministry

22.07.2009 Maskhud Abdullaev met his mother in Azerbaijan

22.07.2009 FIDH and Civic Assistance Committee invite you to the presentation of the report "Russian society under control"

21.07.2009 In the Memory of Natalia Estemirova

21.07.2009 Aziz Albekov released

21.07.2009 Human Rights Activists met Maskhud Abdullaev

20.07.2009 Chronicle. June 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

20.07.2009 Memorial suspends its work in Chechnya

20.07.2009 Telegram of Dmitry Medvedev to Memorial

08.07.2009 Public appeal to the President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev and to the President of the USA Barak Obama of the representatives of the civil society.

07.07.2009 Russia: Protect Rights in North Caucasus

07.07.2009 In Ingushetia the officers of law enforcement authorities get the confessions using tortures

07.07.2009 Chechnya: The picket of relatives of the abducted

07.07.2009 The Abduction of Korean citizen failed

03.07.2009 Bulletin of the Memorial Human Rights Center Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone: analysis from the human rights perspective. Spring 2009

29.06.2009 Maskhud Abdullaev is in Chechnya

29.06.2009 Defendants in "Case of 12" are disappointed with the cancellation of the jury trial

04.06.2009 Russia: Prosecute Rights Violations in North Caucasus

03.06.2009 Chronicle. May 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

29.05.2009 On the EU-Russia consultations on human rights. Reports

26.05.2009 Announcement. Report "On the situation of residents of Chechnya in the Russian Federation. October 2007 – April 2009"

26.05.2009 On the situation of residents of Chechnya in the Russian Federation. October 2007 – April 2009

25.05.2009 On the creation of the Commission under the President. Public Statement of the society Memorial.

25.05.2009 EU-Russia: consultations on human rights. The report of Memorial, HRC

14.05.2009 End of the case of search in the Memorial office (SPb). Results and lessons

14.05.2009 "For your and our freedom". Concert supporting political prisoners.

12.05.2009 Piquet in Memory of Victims of Events in Andizhan

06.05.2009 Chronicle. April 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

05.05.2009 Another abduction in Ingushetia

21.04.2009 North Caucasus: alarming tendencies

23.04.2009 European Court announced the 100th judgment in case from Chechnya

22.04.2009 Decision of European Court in case of Alaudinova vs. Russia is expected tomorrow

21.04.2009 Ingushetia: another special operation or new extrajudicial execution?

15.04.2009 "Uzbeks from Ivanovo" get temporary asylum

14.04.2009 The Abduction of Yusup Zagirov. Office of Public Prosecutor keeps silence

09.04.2009 Uzbekistan. 1452 stories

09.04.2009 New Abductions in Dagestan

08.04.2009 List of people arrested and convicted because of political and religious reasons in Uzbekistan in 2004-2008

07.04.2009 Ingushetia: refugees are still being pressed out to Chechnya

07.04.2009 Attack on Lev Ponomarev. Who will be next?

06.04.2009 International Day of the Roma

06.04.2009 List of people arrested and convicted because of political and religious reasons in Uzbekistan in 2004-2008

06.04.2009 Why the attack on Lev Ponomarev isn't being investigated?

03.04.2009 Statement of Chechen and Ingush Activists on Attack on Ponomarev

03.04.2009 Ingushetia: Special Operation in the Village of Sleptsovskaya

03.04.2009 Human Rights NGOs About Attack on Lev Ponomarev

01.04.2009 Chechnya: New Acts of Counter-Terror

01.04.2009 Bulletin of the Human Rights Center “Memorial” Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone: analysis from the human rights perspective. Winter 2008-2009

27.03.2009 Chechnya: Houses of Relatives of Rebels are set on fire

26.03.2009 Memorial on Deportation of 1949 in Estonia

23.03.2009 Dagestan: Extrajudicial Execution

19.03.2009 Chronicle. January-February 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

10.03.2009 The events in Nookat: Is Kyrgyzstan at the crossroads?

09.03.2009 Liquidation of the village of Shankhaj (Chechnya)

10.03.2009 The events in Nookat: Is Kyrgyzstan at the crossroads?

06.03.2009 Chechnya: Student meeting in Grozny

05.03.2009 European Court of Justice once more recognized Russian soldiers responsible for killing of civilians

04.03.2009 Ingushetia: The situation of forced migrants from the Chechen Republic

02.03.2009 Monitoring of compliance with human rights, related to the events in Nookat on October 1, 2008

02.03.2009 Memorial Sent Appeal to President of Kyrgyzstan

02.03.2009 Dagestan: Alibek Abunazarov Released

02.03.2009 Search in Saint-Petersburg Memorial to be Investigated in Court

02.03.2009 Bulletin: Human Rights in the North Caucasus - autumn 2008

02.03.2009 New Human Rights Violations in Dagestan

02.03.2009 Russian Human Rights Activist Deported from Kyrgyzstan

20.02.2009 Jury acquitted four defendants in case of murder of Anna Politkovskaya

11.02.2009 Refugee from Uzbekistan Granted Asylum in Sweden

05.02.2009 Moscow and Saint-Petersburg Remember Victims of Novye Aldy

05.02.2009 Good News from Dagestan

04.02.2009 Geneva. UN Human Rights Council is expected to review Universal Periodic Review of Russia today

04.02.2009 Materials prepared by Russian NGOs for the Universal Periodic Review of russia in the United Nations Human Rights Council

03.02.2009 Open Letter from HRC Memorial to Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov

03.02.2009 Killer of Farid Babaev Was Sentenced to 16 Years of Prison

02.02.2009 Who is Feeding Civil War in Dagestan?

01.02.2009 Meeting in Memory of Markelov and Baburova

30.01.2009 The SOVA Center for Information and Analysis

28.01.2009 Ingushetia: Theft With Political Bias?

28.01.2009 HRC Memorial Public Statement. President Overrules New Law on State Secrets

27.01.2009 Human Rights Violations in Kyrgyzstan - Nookat Riots

22.01.2009 Please, find the English press-release of SIC "Memorial" (Saint Petersburg) regarding the court decision on the search of December 4, 2008 below. Court ruled the search in SIC "Memorial" illegal

22.01.2009 Piquet in Memory of Stanislav Markelov and Anastasia Baburova

22.01.2009 Chechen people protest against the killing of advocate and journalist

21.01.2009 Search Declared Illegal

20.01.2009 In Memory of Anastasia Baburova and Stanislav Markelov

20.01.2009 Court ruled the search in SIC “Memorial” illegal

19.01.2009 January 2009: New Abductions in Chechnya

19.01.2009 Killing of Advocate Stanislav Markelov. Statement of Memorial

19.01.2009 Court decision in the case of Memorial Research Center is to be announced today in Saint Petersburg

16.01.2009 Piquet — Freedom to Igor Sutyagin

16.01.2009 Austria: Bring Killers of Chechen Exile to Justice

15.01.2009 European Court issued judgment in case of abduction of resident of Ingushetia by FSB officials

14.01.2009 Sister of the member of Mothers of Dagestan arrested

14.01.2009 Debate in case of Farid Babaev scheduled Monday in Supreme Court of Dagestan

13.01.2009 Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone (summer 2008)

13.01.2009 New Abductions in Chechnya

12.01.2009 Bulletin of the Memorial Human Rights Center Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone: analysis from the human rights perspective Summer 2008.

24.12.2008 Open Letter of Sergey Kovalev to Public Chamber of Russian Federation

24.12.2008 South Ossetia: atmosphere, restoration, refugees, Russian soldiers

19.12.2008 Piquet Against Abuse of Power

18.12.2008 The law is not passed, yet the Supreme Court hastens to act

18.12.2008 Russian and Georgian NGOs meet at Memorial

16.12.2008 Human rights defense NGOs meet to commemorate 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

15.12.2008 Winners of award "Journalism as an Act of Conscience" announced in Moscow

15.12.2008 Russia was accused of deporting a political refugee

15.12.2008 HRC Memorial member Bakhrom Khamroev detained in Moscow

15.11.2008 Hostages in the South Caucasus conflict zone: October-November 2008

31.10.2008 Special Press Release of Human Rights Centre “Memorial” and Demos Centre Humanitarian consequences of the armed conflict in the South Caucasus

15.10.2008 Memorial Human Rights Center. Combat on Terrorism and Human Rights in the North Caucasus (April-October 2008)

15.10.2008 Information and Research Center «DEMOS», Center for the Development of Democracy and Human Rights. Freedom of Association

15.10.2008 Information and Research Center «DEMOS», Moscow Helsinki Group, International Youth Human Rights Movement. Freedom of Assembly

15.10.2008 Information and Research Center «DEMOS». Implementation of Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in Russia

15.10.2008 Independent Center for Legal Expertise. The State of the Judiciary System in Russia

15.10.2008 SOVA Center for Information and Analysis. The current anti-extremist legislation and its’ enforcement

15.10.2008 Memorial Human Rights Center. A former prisoner of an illegal detention place abducted in Chechnya

15.10.2008 Report dedicated to the next round of EU-Russia consultations on human rights. Combat on Terrorism and Human Rights in the North Caucasus

02.10.2008 European Court: Russia responsible for ‘presumed death’ of Chechen teenagers

02.10.2008 On 9 October 2008, European Court of Human Rights will deliver judgment in the case "Albekov and others v. Russia"

25.09.2008 The European Court declared Russia responsible for the death of Ruslan Mezhidov’s five relatives and awarded the applicant 100 thousand Euros

11.09.2008 A Month after the War

01.09.2008 Magomed Evloyev, Owner of Opposition News Website, Shot Dead by Security Services in Ingushetia

01.09.2008 HRC Memorial on the murder of Magomed Evloev

29.08.2008 Bulletin by Human Rights Center “Memorial” The situation in North Caucasus. Evaluation by human rights activists. Winter 2007-2008 – early March 2008

08.08.2008 Statement from the Memorial International Society: Stop the war

06.08.2008 A Victim Who Testified Against Illegal Prison Abducted in Chechnya

25.07.2008 The activist of a human rights organization and applicant to the European Court of Human Rights had been abducted in Ingushetia

07.07.2008 Statement of The Russian NGO Initiative for the Dialogue with the European Union on Human Rights

23.04.2008 Report by Sergey Kovalev at the meeting between the EU delegation and the delegation of the Russian NGOs on the eve of the new round of the EU-Russia consultations on human rights defence (Ljubljana, April 16, 2008)

17.04.2008 Report by the Memorial Human Rights Centre dedicated to the new round of consultations between the EU and Russia (Ljubljana, April 16, 2008).

26.03.2008 Council of Europe: Joint Open Letter to the Bureau of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

26.02.2008 Memorial HRC Employees’ Meeting with Chechen Republic President

21.02.2008 On the struggle for the moral purity in the Chechen Republic

20.02.2008 Statement from Moscow Memorial Regarding the Relocation of the Solovetsky Stone

17.02.2008 Lawlessness and Attempted Provocation in Nalchik: “Siloviki” Pressure the Family of Rasul Kudayev

12.02.2008 Ingushetia 2007: what is coming next?

19.12.2007 On the situation of residents of Chechnya in the Russian Federation. August 2006 - October 2007. Report of the HRC "Memorial", Migration Rights Network

05.12.2007 FIDH on the death of Farid Babaev

30.11.2007 European Court Passes Verdict in Favour of Relatives of Victims of Summary Executions in Staropromyslovsky District of Grozny in January 2000

28.11.2007 The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders: The Urgent Appeal

26.11.2007 FIDH communique: Intimidation and deliberate violence

26.11.2007 ABDUCTION OF JOURNALISTS AND RIGHTS DEFENDER IN INGUSHETIA

26.11.2007 In memoriam of Farid Babaev

25.11.2007 Statement of the IHF: 24 November - Another black day for human rights and democracy in Russia

24.11.2007 Amnesty International press release "Russian Federation: Human rights activist and journalists beaten in Ingushetia"

24.11.2007 Dick Marty protests abduction of 'Memorial' President Oleg Orlov in Nazran

24.11.2007 Attack on Oleg Orlov, Head of “Memorial” Board and journalists from REN TV in Ingushetia

22.11.2007 Attempt on the Life of Farid Babaev, a Prominent Public Activist of Dagestan, Candidate to MP of the Russian State Duma from “Yabloko”. Babaev is in Critical Condition in Hospital

13.11.2007 A general responsible for war crimes about to “modernize” the Russian Army’s officer corps?

08.11.2007 The Situation in Ingushetia (November. 2007)

06.11.2007 Expelling refugees as a means of imitating the anti-terror campaign

03.11.2007 New Outburst of Violence in Prigorodny District of North Ossetia, the Area of Ingush-Ossetian Conflict

27.10.2007 The murder of brothers Galaev

25.10.2007 Appeal of the Memorial human rights activist in defence of the barrister Irina Kodzaeva.

23.10.2007 Release of Bagap Tutakov in Chechnya

22.10.2007 The legal system in Chechnya. Bulletin ¹ 1 (August 2007)

12.10.2007 Bagap Tutakov, former representative of the Ichkerian Parliament at the Parliamentarian Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), has been abducted in Chechnya

03.10.2007 On October 4, 2007 the court will consider the issue of initiation of a criminal case against an attorney at law of Kodzaeva, who was beaten by an investigator

26.09.2007 The Situation in the Republic of Ingushetia. En Route to Destabilization. September 2007

26.09.2007 Russian NGOs present their reports on the eve of the EU-Russia consultation on human rights The situation in the Chechen Republic

26.09.2007 Russian NGOs present their reports on the eve of the EU-Russia consultation on human rights Expelling refugees as a means of imitating the anti-terror campaign

20.09.2007 Mass Protest Rally in Ingushetia. Abducted Brothers Aushev Returned Home After Beatings and Torture

17.09.2007 Daghestan has provided land for permanent settlement to the inhabitants of the Borozdinovskaya Village still living in the camp of « Nadezhda ». Help to build houses is needed

30.08.2007 We tried our best… Changes in the situation for foreign citizens in the Russian Federation

Svetlana Gannushkina

10.08.2007 Abductions and Disappearances in the Republic of Dagestan

03.08.2007 Punitive Raid in Ingushetia: 27 Residents of Ali-Yurt Turned to Republican Hospital After a Morning "Visit" by Military Servicemen

19.07.2007 Bulletin of the HRC "Memorial" (Spring 2007)

31.05.2007 Statement of Memorial - On Our Work in Chechnya

May 2007 Fabrication of “Islamic extremism” criminal cases in Russia: campaign continues

04.05.07 Imminent provocation? Human rights activist from Ingushetia might become victim of security officials

02.05.07 The Situation in the North Caucasus: November 2006 - May 2007: Apotheosis of the "Chechenisation"

05.04.07 Open Letter by Russian Human Rights Organizations to the President of the United States

29.03.2007 Abduction Failed: Fifteen North Ossetia Law Enforcers Detained in Ingushetia

02.03.2007 International Memorial Nominated for the Nobel Prize

28.02.07 Svetlana Gannushkina is a Winner of the Czech Award "Homo Homini"

28.02.07 "The Caucasian Knot" - Winner of Gerd Bucerius Prize

01.02.07 “Counterterrorism Operation” by the Russian Federation in the Northern Caucasus throughout 1999-2006. Brief overview by the Human Rights Center "Memorial” and Center "Demos": Submitted to the Eminent Jurists Panel in January 2007 in connection with high level public hearings on terrorism, counterterrorism and human rights in Russia

30.01.07 Public Hearings on Terrorism, Counter Terrorism and Human Rights in Russia (Moscow)

15.01.07 "Memorial" newly Registered in Arkhangelsk

for 2006 DISAPPEARANCES AND KILLINGS IN 2006 IN CHECHEN REPUBLIC

for 2005 DISAPPEARANCES AND KILLINGS IN 2005 IN CHECHEN REPUBLIC

for 2004 DISAPPEARANCES AND KILLINGS IN 2004 IN CHECHEN REPUBLIC

08.12.2006 In Chechnya a Resident of Stanitsa Assinovskaya was Abducted and Tortured

05.12.2006 Visit of the delegation of the PACE in Chechnya

13.10.2006 IN MEMORY OF ANNA POLITKOVSKAYA

18.08.2006 Chechnya: Under Public Pressure Investigator of Urus-Martan ROVD Officially Apologized For Attacking Defense Lawyer

18.08.2006 Chechnya: the Head of Investigating Department of Urus-Martan ROVD Attacks a Defense Lawyer

18.07.2006 Hunger strike of Ingush Forced Migrants from North Ossetia Has Continued for 14 days

05.07.2006 Address of the Conference “Human Rights in Russia in the Year of Her G8 Presidency and Council of Europe Chairmanship” to the Leaders of the G8 Nations

19.06.2006 Illegal Jail in Oktyabrsky District of Grozny was Functioning until May 2006

09.06.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
1. Should There Be No IDPs in Chechnya? Residents of Temporary Residence Centers Are Ready To Move But Only To Permanent Housing 6/06/06
2. A Man “Disappeared” on the territory of Government Administration in Grozny 8/06/06

01.06.2006 Special Operation in Stanitsa Nesterovskaya of Ingushetia: Security Servicemen Publicly Commit a Summary Execution

17.05.2006 There Should Be no Forced Migrants in Chechnya?

04.05.2006 Seven Days without Light. "Majskij" Camp for Ingush Forced Migrants from North Osetia Is Cut off Electricity

21.04.2006 In Ingushetia the Jury Acquits Magomed Aspiev, Accused of Armed Activity Against the Russian Federation

18.04.2006 On 9 April 2006, near the village of Sernovodsk, servicemen of unidentifie law enforcement agencies kidnapped Bulat Chilaev (born 1979)

13.04.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». Exacerbation of Tensions in the Area of Ingush-Ossetian Conflict
Ethnic Ingush "disappear" in Prigorodny District of North Ossetia. Crimes remain uninvestigated

21.03.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». March 2006. Discrimination

03.03.2006 Russian NGOs presented their reports in Vienna on the eve of the third round of EU-Russia consultations on human rights

02.03.2006 The Chechen Republic: Consequences of “Chechenization” of the conflict

02.03.2006 Vitaliy Ponomarev, Elena Riabinina. Concocting criminal proceedings for “Islamic extremism”

02.03.2006 Svetlana Gannushkina. On the situation of Chechens outside Chechnya July 2005 – February 2006

02.03.2006 Northern Caucasus. Conflict Spill-Over Outside the Chechen Republic in 2004-2005 (Ingushetia and Kabardino - Balkariya)

27.02.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». February 2006

27.02.2006 Ingushetia at the End of 2005: Explosions, Abductions, "Special Operations"

27.02.2006 Mulsim Gutseriev has been acquitted, the Jury Corrected 'Mistakes' of Investigators

05.02.2006 Representatives of Security Agencies Tried to Kidnap a Man From the Court Room After the Jury Passed an Acquittal

31.01.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». January 2006

23.01.2006 A Family Member of Applicant to European Court for Human Rights, Mekhti Mukhaev, Has been Illegally Detained and Subjected to Severe Torture

11.01.2006 The Borisovs: innocent people face 20 years in jail on trumped-up charges

09.11.2005 Starye Ataghi settlement was shelled

28.09.2005 A Conveyer of Violence. Human rights violations during anti-terrorist operations in the Republic of Ingushetia. September 2005

26.09.2005 An Open Letter to the Russian Public and the International Community

20.09.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». September 2005. “Ryazan trainings” continue in Nazran?

05.09.2005 The open letter to the Governments of the EU Member States and the Russian Federation, the Federal Assembly of Russia, the European Parliament, the European Commission, and the EU Council Secretary General

19.07.2005 The open letter to the Governments of the EU Members and the Russian Federation, the Federal Assembly of Russia, the European Parliament, the European Commission, and the EU Council Secretary General

05.07.2005 The Ivanovo “akromists” arrested for encroachment on the President and constitutional system of Uzbekistan

29.06.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» June 2005

01.06.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» April 2005

19.05.2005 Ingush-Osetian conflict of 1992: Roots and Evolvement (may 2005)

14.04.2005 Views of Russian NGOs - Human Rights Center "Memorial" and Center "Demos" Regarding the PACE Roundtable on Chechnya

06.04.2005 Mopping up operation in the village of Katayma in the city of Grozny

17.03.2005 Chechnya 2004: “New” Methods of Anti-Terror. Hostage taking and repressive actions against relatives of alleged combatants and terrorists

14.02.2005 Abducted Rights defender is free again

14.02.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»January 2005

09.02.2005 Cease-Fire in Chechnya and Talks with Maskhadov are Necessary. An Open Appeal to the President of the Russian Federation from Leading Russian Human Rights Activists

08.02.2005 Andreas Gross has directed the answer to the open letter Russian and International NGOs

08.02.2005 The Whereabouts of 7 Relatives of Maskhadov Remain Unknown

02.02.2005 [PACE] Declaration on the recent human rights violations in the Chechen Republic

01.02.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» December 2004

01.2005 From Chechenization to Palestinization - The Human Rights Situation in Chechnya and North Caucasus in 2004

24.01.2005 Open Letter from seven Russian and international human rights NGOs concerning the creation of a Round Table in the framework of the PACE Political Affairs Committee regarding human rights, democracy and the rule of law in the Chechen Republic

18.01.2005 We ask you to pay attention to the case of Zara Murtuzaliyeva - Monstrous fabrication of terrorism charge

14.01.2005 Chechnya: Who Is Behind Human Abductions?

12.01.2005 In December 2004 A. Maskhadov's eight relatives have been abducted in the Chechen Republic

10.12.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» November 2004

10.11.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» October 2004

04.11.2004 Power Agencies Assault the Mosque in Sleptsovsk

10.10.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» September 2004

10.09.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» August 2004

05.09.2004 Beslan: the Hostage-taking at the School

28.08.2004 Illegal Detainments and Summary Executions in Ingushetia (August-July)

24.08.2004 Armed Raid on Grozny, August 21, 2004

20.08.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
Chechen IDPs Forced Back to Chechnya: “Uchkhoz” in Yandare after June 21

10.08.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
July 2004

10.07.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
June 2004

10.06.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
May 2004

10.05.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
April 2004

07.05.2004 Refugees in Ingushetia. Reinstatement to the List. Only through Court?

15.04.2004 Detainment and Murders of 8 Shalinskii Region Residents of the Village of Duba-Urt

14.04.2004 Mother and Five Small Children Dead After Aerial Attack on Civilian House in Chechnya

10.04.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
March 2004

08.04.2004 Joint Statement by Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture, and Memorial "The Situation in Chechnya and Ingushetia Deteriorates. New Evidence of Enforced Disappearances, Rape, Torture, and Extrajudicial Executions"

10.03.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
February 2004

10.03.2004 "Voluntary Surrender" of Magomed Khambiev

10.02.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
January 2004

10.01.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
December 2003

Archive 1999-2003 ]