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We tried our best… Changes in the situation for foreign citizens in the Russian Federation

Svetlana Gannushkina


 

The long-awaited, radical positive changes to the situation for foreign citizens were due to take place on 15 January 2007. On this day two new laws came into force, which were adopted on 18 July 2006; “On the migration registration of foreign citizens and stateless persons in the Russian Federation” and “On the legal situation for foreign citizens in the Russian Federation”. It did not quite turn out as expected.

1. Migration registration

The first law has introduced a system of registration for foreign citizens, which does not include any right of refusal by the authorities. The law requires any foreign citizen legally present on the territory of the Russian Federation to send an application form informing the authorities of his presence in Russia within three days of his arrival. This can be done in person or can be sent by post using a special form from the post office. There is a tear-off section that needs to be stamped at the post office.

A foreign citizen can apply to be registered either at a place of residence or a workplace. The notification has to be referenced by the landlord (rental agreement) or the employer (contract of employment). This record, which replaces registration (propiska) practically removes the propiska regime and as such must be welcomed.

Recent experience shows that law enforcement officials still stop people on the streets and ask to see their passports and the migration cards, which foreign citizens receive upon crossing the border and stamped application forms. Thus, the same practice of verification of documents by the law enforcement officials continues to occur – illegally and without foundation.

2. Temporary residence permits

The second law should have improved the situation for CIS citizens who have the right to travel to Russia without visas, (which means with the exception of citizens of Georgia and Turkmenistan).

For these people, the system of temporary residence permits is much simpler. Applicants are required to submit fewer documents:
1) Application for temporary residence;
2) Identity document ;
3) Migration card ;
4) Proof of payment (400 Roubles – approximately $15.5 USD) for legal expenses.

After a month CIS citizens are required to submit proof of being free from infectious and drug-related illnesses. It is then only one year after arrival in the Russian Federation that a person is required to submit a document certifying they are a taxpayer. This is very important as up until now applicants have had to submit all the necessary documentation to prove he or she was able to support him/herself and dependants with the original application. Medical certificates quickly expired. It was difficult or illegal to find well-paid work before receiving temporary residence status and without work no one had the required amount of savings (hundreds of thousands of roubles) in the bank to prove self-sufficiency.

In addition, after three months any CIS citizen who had arrived with no visa was required to leave Russia and return again simply in order to receive a new migration card, but it took 6 months for a decision on the application for status to be made. Now an application for temporary residence allows a person to extend their stay in the Russian Federation on the basis of the old migration card.

In addition, quotas for the receipt of temporary residence permits and rights to work were due to be abolished. The latter did not occur. At the end of December the Duma passed the “Amendments to amendments” on the law on foreign citizens, re-establishing quotas. On 6 January 2007 the President signed this law. In a sense, in doing so he undermined the achievements of the previous law and even did damage to the original law “On the Legal Situation for foreign citizens” of 2002.

Article 13.4 pf the old law decreed

“A foreign citizen has the right to work only if he has a work permit. This does not apply to foreign citizens who

1) permanently reside in the Russian Federation

2) temporarily reside in the Russian Federation (ie who have temporary residence permits)

However, point 2) has now been amended to refer not to those with temporary residence permits but only to those “ who belong to government programmes of support for voluntary resettlement to the Russian Federation of compatriots living abroad and their families returning with them to the Russian Federation.”

In this way a strange situation has arisen, whereby a foreign citizen can receive the right to stay for 3 years in the Russian Federation but does not have the right to work. This means that they either have to be supported by someone else or have enough savings to live on for this time. What rich people we must be expecting to arrive under the resettlement programme, which has not yet begun!

3. The Right to Work

Changes to the law “On the Legal Situation for foreign citizens” greatly simplified the procedure of obtaining the right to work. As mentioned above, the December amendments reintroduced work quotas. In 2007 the quota for work places is 6 million for the whole of the Russian Federation, including those who already work here.

However, it has remained easier for those who do travel to Russia on a visa-free regime and everyone has hurried to obtain the right to work.

Work permits are given by the FMS or the regional migration services after a simple application procedure and on submission of the following documents:
1. application from foreign citizen for a work permit
2. identity document
3. migration card with stamp from border guards or migration office;
4. proof of payment of government fee (1000 roubles – approximately $38)

Applicants would receive a reply within 10 days, and have the right to appeal a refusal. This is, of course, great progress.

At the end of 2006 there was concern amongst the authorities of many regions as the new simplified system was to come into force on 15 January. Fierce discussions and disputes took place, which led to the Government order of 15 November 2006, No. 683 “On the introduction of quotas for foreign workers, agricultural workers and traders in the Russian Federation for 2007”.

The decree forbade foreigners from selling alcohol including beer and pharmaceutical products. The quotas for foreign traders in markets, kiosks was set at no more than 40% and was to be reduced to 0% by April 2007.

Thus, this decree completely undermined the positive changes introduced in the legislation for foreign citizens, as many of them work as traders and in some regions constitute over 90% of the market traders.

It is important to note that this decree does not affect all foreign citizens but only foreign workers, ie. Foreign citizens temporarily living in the Russian Federation. People who have residence documentation (vid na zhitelstvo), temporary residence permits and officially recognized refugees.

4. Evaluation of the changes and their consequences.

One of the basic criticisms of the new registration system is the possibility of registering foreign citizens at their place of work, and not at their place of residence. This causes concern that employers will now not provide their workers with satisfactory living accommodation. This situation already existed de-facto, and now it exists de-jure.

The Moscow authorities are especially critical of this new system: defenders of the new system insist that they are upholding the right of the employer to house workers in conditions which are not fit for accommodation; in veneer sheds on building sites, in cardboard boxes at the markets or in cellars of illegally functioning sewing workshops. At first glance, this is fair – all the above occur at present. But here is the real advantage of the new system, that now the person held responsible for this is not the defenceless worker, but the employer.

In recent years Moscow has been built almost exclusively by the slave labour of illegal workers, living in inhuman conditions and receiving pitiful wages for their work, sometimes not receiving any wages at all. When workers try to defend their rights a police officer arrive and, confirming that they have no registration or work permit charges them with a criminal offence and then without delay the court rules they should be deported from Russia. Their places are taken by new slaves from the endless army of unemployed Tadjiks, Uzbeks, Moldovans who are ready, in return for a pittance, to ensure that the building companies make good profits.

Now the police officer or sanitary inspector, arriving on the building site for an inspection, meets a worker who is not obliged to run away or to hide in the cellar. The worker simply needs to obtain a laminated card certifying the right to work, which is issued irrespective of the employer (see below) and a tear off voucher certifying that he is on the migration register. The responsibility remains with the employer, who can be asked to provide evidence of respecting all required standards by the government labour department, tax inspectors and sanitary inspectors. And the legalised foreign worker is able to appeal to court in defence of his rights without fearing deportation from the territory of the Russian Federation.

Of course, there are many obstacles in the way of normalisation of the standards for foreign workers in Russia, not least the active opposition of employers who have been used to employing people under slave like conditions. But it should be acknowledged that the new law has brought the reality of the situation to light, whereas in the past it was well hidden.

As for the policy of expulsion of foreign workers from markets and the introduction of quotas for our former compatriots, it is illogical and dangerous not only to the foreign workers but also the local population. The market is (oáåäíÿåòñÿ), sharply in some regions. If the Chinese leave the markets in the Far East, they would be reduced by 50% today, and by the first of April another 40%. Concerns about the Chinese packing their bags exist among local populations, the administration of markets and administration of íàñåëåííûõ ïóíêòîâ.

Where will the consumers go? He will have to go to the shops where the price of food products, clothing and shoes is 2-3 times higher than in the markets. Krasnodar Kray, having thrown out its Meskhetian Turks, who were resettled to America, has already suffered from a rise in prices of fruit and vegetables. They were grown on the Kubansky soil by the Turks, who have now left and not been replaced. The soil remains untilled. In her article “Can’t the locals speak Turkish?” published in July 2006 in the newspaper “Novorossisky Rabochi” the author Olga Potapova writes about the empty rows in the market places and the severe price increases in fruit and vegetables which are now being imported from Israel.

It seems that the local Kazaks are not willing to exchange sabres and whips for hoes and spades. One gets the impression that the only ones to benefit are the owners of supermarkets and traders in alcohol and medicine. Was it them who initiated this decree?

Will the local producer win? Hardly. In order to help him another approach entirely is required. The local producer needs to be supported by economic means, giving him tax benefits, help with new technology, transport, loads and credit etc.

The organisation of progressive production industries is only possible in conditions of healthy competition. The local producer needs help to become competitive and not to be given space (land) that he is not ready to use.

As justification of the new measures we are given the example of the old woman on the outskirts of Moscow, who is driven off the streets by the police and then driven out of the markets by the monopolising foreigner, who does not allow her to sell dill. But here the problem is not that the trader at the market is a foreigner, it is that he is monopolising. That is why he often speaks so crudely and disrespectfully to customers who are not buying enough. Let’s remember our soviet shops and the bolshie attitude of the shop assistants, who did not depend on the customers and who knew that in any case there was nowhere else for shoppers to go. When the Moscow market is controlled by Moscow mafia instead of Azerbaijani, they will also dictate one price for all the vendors, pushing out the small producers, display their own products and push out the old woman with her dill to sell. They will also pay bribes to officials, and find local people to confirm that Tadjik apricots and Uzbek watermelons were grown on their vegetable patches.

Instead of all these quotas and percentages it is necessary to bring order to the markets and ensure that there is no monopoly there. The law enforcement officials should not be protecting the owner of the market, but should ensure order and the consumer’s right to choice. And the poor old woman should be allowed to sell her dill anywhere, in the market, in the underpass, on the corner of her house. She and her dill will not threaten the economy of the country.

Laws should be adopted in conjunction with the laws of economics and the development of society and not in spite of them. Otherwise it can only lead to further corruption, which is already growing at an alarming rate. And in a short time we will be forced to remember the soviet phenomenon of a “lack” (defesit) – which applied to the majority of products and foodstuffs and played not an insignificant part in the collapse of the Soviet Union.

And finally. There is a category of foreign citizens and stateless persons who have nowhere to go. These are former citizens of Afghanistan, who supported Nadjibullah’s regime, and their children who are still not legally allowed to be in Russia; Russians from the former Soviet republics who have still not been given Russian citizenship, Georgians from Abkhazia who have not received refugee status; political emigrants from Uzbekistan awaiting resettlement to a safe country. They all had only one way of supporting their families – the market. For them the government experiments with quotas and percentages represent a true tragedy. Decree No 683 was especially hard on those who had managed, after immense effort, to receive temporary asylum and who had thought they had the right to live legally in Russia and earn a crust of bread, if only for a year. News of such tragedies has already reached the coordinating centre of the “Migrants’ Rights” network from Volgograd, Rostov and other regions, from Moscow and St Petersburg. What can be said about such a policy, apart from that it is irresponsible. We tried to do our best , but that obviously was not good enough for some.

Notes:

Gaidash 23.01.07

Additional commentary to this article. In the regions there are still no new application forms for temporary residence available. Applications on the old forms are not accepted. The post office does not have any of the forms yet. In the meantime the validity of permission for temporary presence is coming to an end and the authorities are refusing to renew it. And suggesting once more “Leave and come back again”.

On the Retail markets of Moscow every third stall is now empty. 20.02.07

In the retail markets of Moscow every third stall stands empty, and in a series of regions over half the market places are empty, RIA Novoski reports, referring to materials of Rosstat.

“In the markets of Moscow, one in three stalls are not being used, and in St Petersburg, Smolensk and Tambov oblasts only 45-49% of the stalls are being used” Rosstat reports. The information shows that the market places that are not being filled are those used by private individuals and rural farm/agricultural households. At the same time nearly all the places given to organisations are being used (87%). Rosstat also reports that in several regions, primarily in Chelyabinsk oblast and Khabarovsk kray, a drop in the sales of fresh products has been recorded, including meat, fish, sugar, oil, cold meats and also in clothes and shoes. These statistics confirm the concerns of some experts that the normative acts which introduced quotas of 40% for the number of migrants working in markets from 15 January and forbid labour migrants to work in markets from 1 April, could lead to damage to markets and trade.

As the deputy of the United Commission for National Politics and Cooperation of States and Religious Unity for the Federal Council Vladimir Slutsker said - this is all the consequence of a decree adopted in haste. He believes that before introducing quotas or reductions for migrants working in any sphere, it is imperative to carry out research into the needs of the market place in each region, which was not done. To illustrate this point the senator described a situation in the trade markets of the Far East. He noted that they were occupied primarily by migrants, and that Russian citizens will be unlikely to take their place. This is linked with the fact that clothes markets in the region are based on cheap imports from China, sold by citizens from China. The Russians will not be able to compensate for the lack of products or market traders, the senator believes.

He also emphasized that those who trade on markets have links with trade chains, - suppliers, packers etc, chains which take years to establish. “It is being proposed to remove the end link in this chain and construct it differently, and according to nationality. But who has thought the consequences of this action through? Therefore I think that any action which affects the complicated processes of migration-national politics should be clearly studied” said Vladimir Slutsker.

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05.10.2009 October 6, the second court hearing in a suit brought by Ramzan Kadyrov against Mr. Orlov and HRC Memorial

02.10.2009 Dagestan: After Disappearances, Only Death

30.09.2009 Bulletin of the Memorial Human Rights Center "Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone: analysis from the human rights perspective. Spring 2009"

28.09.2009 Crime and Prehistory (how one becomes an insurgant)

25.09.2009 First court session in case of Kadyrov vs HRC Memorial and Orlov

23.09.2009 Another abduction in Dagestan

23.09.2009 September 25, the first court hearing in a suit brought by Ramzan Kadyrov against Mr. Orlov and HRC Memorial

18.09.2009 Stop political persecution of human rights activists in Novorossiisk

18.09.2009 European Court demanded from Russian government information about abducted man

17.09.2009 To the Seventieth Anniversary of September 17, 1939. Statement

16.09.2009 Leaders of Dagestan are not ready for dialogue with civil society

15.09.2009 Abductions in Ingushetia. Do the tracks lead to Chechnya?

15.09.2009 Round table in Nazran (Ingushetia). Meeting of NGOs with the High Commissioner of CE for human rights Thomas Hammarberg

14.09.2009 Number of crimes in Dagestan increased radically

14.09.2009 Ingushetia: abducted 19-year-old teenager forced to slander on himself under torture

14.09.2009 Picket in defense of Evgeny Zhovtis

11.09.2009 HRC Memorial member in Krasnodarsky krai under pressure

10.09.2009 Kadyrov v. Orlov and Memorial HRC: Date Set for First Hearing

09.09.2009 Dagestan. Meeting of the relatives of abducted Sirajudin Shafiev

08.09.2009 Mr. Hammarberg and Mr. Lukin in Memorial office

08.09.2009 Another abduction in Dagestan

08.09.2009 Open appeal on the threats against human rights activists and journalists in Dagestan

07.09.2009 Unidentified people collect information about members of HRC Memorial

31.08.2009 "Death Squads" in the North Caucasus. Summer of 2009

27.08.2009 Ingushetia: killing of Shamil Makhloev – another extrajudicial execution

26.08.2009 Dagestan: public meeting of relatives of abducted young men

26.08.2009 Another extrajudicial execution in Dagestan

26.08.2009 Five young men abducted in Dagestan

21.08.2009 Meeting in the memory of Natalia Estemirova

21.08.2009 Ingushetia: special operation or extrajudicial execution?

20.08.2009 Dagestan: fire in a human rights organization

20.08.2009 Memorial members in Chechnya find themselves under surveillance

20.08.2009 The killing of Russian family in Chechnya

20.08.2009 Chronicle. July 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

05.08.2009 Kyrgyzstan: the disappearance of Uzbek asylum seekers

03.08.2009 Accounts for the benefit of Lana Estemirova

03.08.2009 The Story of search and return of Maskhud Abdullaev

24.07.2009 On the Persecution of Human Rights Organizations of Kazan

23.07.2009 European Justice In Russia Might Be Delayed

23.07.2009 Condolences from Bernard Kouchner, head of French Foreign Ministry

22.07.2009 Maskhud Abdullaev met his mother in Azerbaijan

22.07.2009 FIDH and Civic Assistance Committee invite you to the presentation of the report "Russian society under control"

21.07.2009 In the Memory of Natalia Estemirova

21.07.2009 Aziz Albekov released

21.07.2009 Human Rights Activists met Maskhud Abdullaev

20.07.2009 Chronicle. June 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

20.07.2009 Memorial suspends its work in Chechnya

20.07.2009 Telegram of Dmitry Medvedev to Memorial

08.07.2009 Public appeal to the President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev and to the President of the USA Barak Obama of the representatives of the civil society.

07.07.2009 Russia: Protect Rights in North Caucasus

07.07.2009 In Ingushetia the officers of law enforcement authorities get the confessions using tortures

07.07.2009 Chechnya: The picket of relatives of the abducted

07.07.2009 The Abduction of Korean citizen failed

03.07.2009 Bulletin of the Memorial Human Rights Center Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone: analysis from the human rights perspective. Spring 2009

29.06.2009 Maskhud Abdullaev is in Chechnya

29.06.2009 Defendants in "Case of 12" are disappointed with the cancellation of the jury trial

04.06.2009 Russia: Prosecute Rights Violations in North Caucasus

03.06.2009 Chronicle. May 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

29.05.2009 On the EU-Russia consultations on human rights. Reports

26.05.2009 Announcement. Report "On the situation of residents of Chechnya in the Russian Federation. October 2007 – April 2009"

26.05.2009 On the situation of residents of Chechnya in the Russian Federation. October 2007 – April 2009

25.05.2009 On the creation of the Commission under the President. Public Statement of the society Memorial.

25.05.2009 EU-Russia: consultations on human rights. The report of Memorial, HRC

14.05.2009 End of the case of search in the Memorial office (SPb). Results and lessons

14.05.2009 "For your and our freedom". Concert supporting political prisoners.

12.05.2009 Piquet in Memory of Victims of Events in Andizhan

06.05.2009 Chronicle. April 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

05.05.2009 Another abduction in Ingushetia

21.04.2009 North Caucasus: alarming tendencies

23.04.2009 European Court announced the 100th judgment in case from Chechnya

22.04.2009 Decision of European Court in case of Alaudinova vs. Russia is expected tomorrow

21.04.2009 Ingushetia: another special operation or new extrajudicial execution?

15.04.2009 "Uzbeks from Ivanovo" get temporary asylum

14.04.2009 The Abduction of Yusup Zagirov. Office of Public Prosecutor keeps silence

09.04.2009 Uzbekistan. 1452 stories

09.04.2009 New Abductions in Dagestan

08.04.2009 List of people arrested and convicted because of political and religious reasons in Uzbekistan in 2004-2008

07.04.2009 Ingushetia: refugees are still being pressed out to Chechnya

07.04.2009 Attack on Lev Ponomarev. Who will be next?

06.04.2009 International Day of the Roma

06.04.2009 List of people arrested and convicted because of political and religious reasons in Uzbekistan in 2004-2008

06.04.2009 Why the attack on Lev Ponomarev isn't being investigated?

03.04.2009 Statement of Chechen and Ingush Activists on Attack on Ponomarev

03.04.2009 Ingushetia: Special Operation in the Village of Sleptsovskaya

03.04.2009 Human Rights NGOs About Attack on Lev Ponomarev

01.04.2009 Chechnya: New Acts of Counter-Terror

01.04.2009 Bulletin of the Human Rights Center “Memorial” Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone: analysis from the human rights perspective. Winter 2008-2009

27.03.2009 Chechnya: Houses of Relatives of Rebels are set on fire

26.03.2009 Memorial on Deportation of 1949 in Estonia

23.03.2009 Dagestan: Extrajudicial Execution

19.03.2009 Chronicle. January-February 2009. North Caucasus. Human rights violations

10.03.2009 The events in Nookat: Is Kyrgyzstan at the crossroads?

09.03.2009 Liquidation of the village of Shankhaj (Chechnya)

10.03.2009 The events in Nookat: Is Kyrgyzstan at the crossroads?

06.03.2009 Chechnya: Student meeting in Grozny

05.03.2009 European Court of Justice once more recognized Russian soldiers responsible for killing of civilians

04.03.2009 Ingushetia: The situation of forced migrants from the Chechen Republic

02.03.2009 Monitoring of compliance with human rights, related to the events in Nookat on October 1, 2008

02.03.2009 Memorial Sent Appeal to President of Kyrgyzstan

02.03.2009 Dagestan: Alibek Abunazarov Released

02.03.2009 Search in Saint-Petersburg Memorial to be Investigated in Court

02.03.2009 Bulletin: Human Rights in the North Caucasus - autumn 2008

02.03.2009 New Human Rights Violations in Dagestan

02.03.2009 Russian Human Rights Activist Deported from Kyrgyzstan

20.02.2009 Jury acquitted four defendants in case of murder of Anna Politkovskaya

11.02.2009 Refugee from Uzbekistan Granted Asylum in Sweden

05.02.2009 Moscow and Saint-Petersburg Remember Victims of Novye Aldy

05.02.2009 Good News from Dagestan

04.02.2009 Geneva. UN Human Rights Council is expected to review Universal Periodic Review of Russia today

04.02.2009 Materials prepared by Russian NGOs for the Universal Periodic Review of russia in the United Nations Human Rights Council

03.02.2009 Open Letter from HRC Memorial to Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov

03.02.2009 Killer of Farid Babaev Was Sentenced to 16 Years of Prison

02.02.2009 Who is Feeding Civil War in Dagestan?

01.02.2009 Meeting in Memory of Markelov and Baburova

30.01.2009 The SOVA Center for Information and Analysis

28.01.2009 Ingushetia: Theft With Political Bias?

28.01.2009 HRC Memorial Public Statement. President Overrules New Law on State Secrets

27.01.2009 Human Rights Violations in Kyrgyzstan - Nookat Riots

22.01.2009 Please, find the English press-release of SIC "Memorial" (Saint Petersburg) regarding the court decision on the search of December 4, 2008 below. Court ruled the search in SIC "Memorial" illegal

22.01.2009 Piquet in Memory of Stanislav Markelov and Anastasia Baburova

22.01.2009 Chechen people protest against the killing of advocate and journalist

21.01.2009 Search Declared Illegal

20.01.2009 In Memory of Anastasia Baburova and Stanislav Markelov

20.01.2009 Court ruled the search in SIC “Memorial” illegal

19.01.2009 January 2009: New Abductions in Chechnya

19.01.2009 Killing of Advocate Stanislav Markelov. Statement of Memorial

19.01.2009 Court decision in the case of Memorial Research Center is to be announced today in Saint Petersburg

16.01.2009 Piquet — Freedom to Igor Sutyagin

16.01.2009 Austria: Bring Killers of Chechen Exile to Justice

15.01.2009 European Court issued judgment in case of abduction of resident of Ingushetia by FSB officials

14.01.2009 Sister of the member of Mothers of Dagestan arrested

14.01.2009 Debate in case of Farid Babaev scheduled Monday in Supreme Court of Dagestan

13.01.2009 Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone (summer 2008)

13.01.2009 New Abductions in Chechnya

12.01.2009 Bulletin of the Memorial Human Rights Center Situation in the North Caucasus conflict zone: analysis from the human rights perspective Summer 2008.

24.12.2008 Open Letter of Sergey Kovalev to Public Chamber of Russian Federation

24.12.2008 South Ossetia: atmosphere, restoration, refugees, Russian soldiers

19.12.2008 Piquet Against Abuse of Power

18.12.2008 The law is not passed, yet the Supreme Court hastens to act

18.12.2008 Russian and Georgian NGOs meet at Memorial

16.12.2008 Human rights defense NGOs meet to commemorate 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

15.12.2008 Winners of award "Journalism as an Act of Conscience" announced in Moscow

15.12.2008 Russia was accused of deporting a political refugee

15.12.2008 HRC Memorial member Bakhrom Khamroev detained in Moscow

15.11.2008 Hostages in the South Caucasus conflict zone: October-November 2008

31.10.2008 Special Press Release of Human Rights Centre “Memorial” and Demos Centre Humanitarian consequences of the armed conflict in the South Caucasus

15.10.2008 Memorial Human Rights Center. Combat on Terrorism and Human Rights in the North Caucasus (April-October 2008)

15.10.2008 Information and Research Center «DEMOS», Center for the Development of Democracy and Human Rights. Freedom of Association

15.10.2008 Information and Research Center «DEMOS», Moscow Helsinki Group, International Youth Human Rights Movement. Freedom of Assembly

15.10.2008 Information and Research Center «DEMOS». Implementation of Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in Russia

15.10.2008 Independent Center for Legal Expertise. The State of the Judiciary System in Russia

15.10.2008 SOVA Center for Information and Analysis. The current anti-extremist legislation and its’ enforcement

15.10.2008 Memorial Human Rights Center. A former prisoner of an illegal detention place abducted in Chechnya

15.10.2008 Report dedicated to the next round of EU-Russia consultations on human rights. Combat on Terrorism and Human Rights in the North Caucasus

02.10.2008 European Court: Russia responsible for ‘presumed death’ of Chechen teenagers

02.10.2008 On 9 October 2008, European Court of Human Rights will deliver judgment in the case "Albekov and others v. Russia"

25.09.2008 The European Court declared Russia responsible for the death of Ruslan Mezhidov’s five relatives and awarded the applicant 100 thousand Euros

11.09.2008 A Month after the War

01.09.2008 Magomed Evloyev, Owner of Opposition News Website, Shot Dead by Security Services in Ingushetia

01.09.2008 HRC Memorial on the murder of Magomed Evloev

29.08.2008 Bulletin by Human Rights Center “Memorial” The situation in North Caucasus. Evaluation by human rights activists. Winter 2007-2008 – early March 2008

08.08.2008 Statement from the Memorial International Society: Stop the war

06.08.2008 A Victim Who Testified Against Illegal Prison Abducted in Chechnya

25.07.2008 The activist of a human rights organization and applicant to the European Court of Human Rights had been abducted in Ingushetia

07.07.2008 Statement of The Russian NGO Initiative for the Dialogue with the European Union on Human Rights

23.04.2008 Report by Sergey Kovalev at the meeting between the EU delegation and the delegation of the Russian NGOs on the eve of the new round of the EU-Russia consultations on human rights defence (Ljubljana, April 16, 2008)

17.04.2008 Report by the Memorial Human Rights Centre dedicated to the new round of consultations between the EU and Russia (Ljubljana, April 16, 2008).

26.03.2008 Council of Europe: Joint Open Letter to the Bureau of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

26.02.2008 Memorial HRC Employees’ Meeting with Chechen Republic President

21.02.2008 On the struggle for the moral purity in the Chechen Republic

20.02.2008 Statement from Moscow Memorial Regarding the Relocation of the Solovetsky Stone

17.02.2008 Lawlessness and Attempted Provocation in Nalchik: “Siloviki” Pressure the Family of Rasul Kudayev

12.02.2008 Ingushetia 2007: what is coming next?

19.12.2007 On the situation of residents of Chechnya in the Russian Federation. August 2006 - October 2007. Report of the HRC "Memorial", Migration Rights Network

05.12.2007 FIDH on the death of Farid Babaev

30.11.2007 European Court Passes Verdict in Favour of Relatives of Victims of Summary Executions in Staropromyslovsky District of Grozny in January 2000

28.11.2007 The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders: The Urgent Appeal

26.11.2007 FIDH communique: Intimidation and deliberate violence

26.11.2007 ABDUCTION OF JOURNALISTS AND RIGHTS DEFENDER IN INGUSHETIA

26.11.2007 In memoriam of Farid Babaev

25.11.2007 Statement of the IHF: 24 November - Another black day for human rights and democracy in Russia

24.11.2007 Amnesty International press release "Russian Federation: Human rights activist and journalists beaten in Ingushetia"

24.11.2007 Dick Marty protests abduction of 'Memorial' President Oleg Orlov in Nazran

24.11.2007 Attack on Oleg Orlov, Head of “Memorial” Board and journalists from REN TV in Ingushetia

22.11.2007 Attempt on the Life of Farid Babaev, a Prominent Public Activist of Dagestan, Candidate to MP of the Russian State Duma from “Yabloko”. Babaev is in Critical Condition in Hospital

13.11.2007 A general responsible for war crimes about to “modernize” the Russian Army’s officer corps?

08.11.2007 The Situation in Ingushetia (November. 2007)

06.11.2007 Expelling refugees as a means of imitating the anti-terror campaign

03.11.2007 New Outburst of Violence in Prigorodny District of North Ossetia, the Area of Ingush-Ossetian Conflict

27.10.2007 The murder of brothers Galaev

25.10.2007 Appeal of the Memorial human rights activist in defence of the barrister Irina Kodzaeva.

23.10.2007 Release of Bagap Tutakov in Chechnya

22.10.2007 The legal system in Chechnya. Bulletin ¹ 1 (August 2007)

12.10.2007 Bagap Tutakov, former representative of the Ichkerian Parliament at the Parliamentarian Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), has been abducted in Chechnya

03.10.2007 On October 4, 2007 the court will consider the issue of initiation of a criminal case against an attorney at law of Kodzaeva, who was beaten by an investigator

26.09.2007 The Situation in the Republic of Ingushetia. En Route to Destabilization. September 2007

26.09.2007 Russian NGOs present their reports on the eve of the EU-Russia consultation on human rights The situation in the Chechen Republic

26.09.2007 Russian NGOs present their reports on the eve of the EU-Russia consultation on human rights Expelling refugees as a means of imitating the anti-terror campaign

20.09.2007 Mass Protest Rally in Ingushetia. Abducted Brothers Aushev Returned Home After Beatings and Torture

17.09.2007 Daghestan has provided land for permanent settlement to the inhabitants of the Borozdinovskaya Village still living in the camp of « Nadezhda ». Help to build houses is needed

30.08.2007 We tried our best… Changes in the situation for foreign citizens in the Russian Federation

Svetlana Gannushkina

10.08.2007 Abductions and Disappearances in the Republic of Dagestan

03.08.2007 Punitive Raid in Ingushetia: 27 Residents of Ali-Yurt Turned to Republican Hospital After a Morning "Visit" by Military Servicemen

19.07.2007 Bulletin of the HRC "Memorial" (Spring 2007)

31.05.2007 Statement of Memorial - On Our Work in Chechnya

May 2007 Fabrication of “Islamic extremism” criminal cases in Russia: campaign continues

04.05.07 Imminent provocation? Human rights activist from Ingushetia might become victim of security officials

02.05.07 The Situation in the North Caucasus: November 2006 - May 2007: Apotheosis of the "Chechenisation"

05.04.07 Open Letter by Russian Human Rights Organizations to the President of the United States

29.03.2007 Abduction Failed: Fifteen North Ossetia Law Enforcers Detained in Ingushetia

02.03.2007 International Memorial Nominated for the Nobel Prize

28.02.07 Svetlana Gannushkina is a Winner of the Czech Award "Homo Homini"

28.02.07 "The Caucasian Knot" - Winner of Gerd Bucerius Prize

01.02.07 “Counterterrorism Operation” by the Russian Federation in the Northern Caucasus throughout 1999-2006. Brief overview by the Human Rights Center "Memorial” and Center "Demos": Submitted to the Eminent Jurists Panel in January 2007 in connection with high level public hearings on terrorism, counterterrorism and human rights in Russia

30.01.07 Public Hearings on Terrorism, Counter Terrorism and Human Rights in Russia (Moscow)

15.01.07 "Memorial" newly Registered in Arkhangelsk

for 2006 DISAPPEARANCES AND KILLINGS IN 2006 IN CHECHEN REPUBLIC

for 2005 DISAPPEARANCES AND KILLINGS IN 2005 IN CHECHEN REPUBLIC

for 2004 DISAPPEARANCES AND KILLINGS IN 2004 IN CHECHEN REPUBLIC

08.12.2006 In Chechnya a Resident of Stanitsa Assinovskaya was Abducted and Tortured

05.12.2006 Visit of the delegation of the PACE in Chechnya

13.10.2006 IN MEMORY OF ANNA POLITKOVSKAYA

18.08.2006 Chechnya: Under Public Pressure Investigator of Urus-Martan ROVD Officially Apologized For Attacking Defense Lawyer

18.08.2006 Chechnya: the Head of Investigating Department of Urus-Martan ROVD Attacks a Defense Lawyer

18.07.2006 Hunger strike of Ingush Forced Migrants from North Ossetia Has Continued for 14 days

05.07.2006 Address of the Conference “Human Rights in Russia in the Year of Her G8 Presidency and Council of Europe Chairmanship” to the Leaders of the G8 Nations

19.06.2006 Illegal Jail in Oktyabrsky District of Grozny was Functioning until May 2006

09.06.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
1. Should There Be No IDPs in Chechnya? Residents of Temporary Residence Centers Are Ready To Move But Only To Permanent Housing 6/06/06
2. A Man “Disappeared” on the territory of Government Administration in Grozny 8/06/06

01.06.2006 Special Operation in Stanitsa Nesterovskaya of Ingushetia: Security Servicemen Publicly Commit a Summary Execution

17.05.2006 There Should Be no Forced Migrants in Chechnya?

04.05.2006 Seven Days without Light. "Majskij" Camp for Ingush Forced Migrants from North Osetia Is Cut off Electricity

21.04.2006 In Ingushetia the Jury Acquits Magomed Aspiev, Accused of Armed Activity Against the Russian Federation

18.04.2006 On 9 April 2006, near the village of Sernovodsk, servicemen of unidentifie law enforcement agencies kidnapped Bulat Chilaev (born 1979)

13.04.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». Exacerbation of Tensions in the Area of Ingush-Ossetian Conflict
Ethnic Ingush "disappear" in Prigorodny District of North Ossetia. Crimes remain uninvestigated

21.03.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». March 2006. Discrimination

03.03.2006 Russian NGOs presented their reports in Vienna on the eve of the third round of EU-Russia consultations on human rights

02.03.2006 The Chechen Republic: Consequences of “Chechenization” of the conflict

02.03.2006 Vitaliy Ponomarev, Elena Riabinina. Concocting criminal proceedings for “Islamic extremism”

02.03.2006 Svetlana Gannushkina. On the situation of Chechens outside Chechnya July 2005 – February 2006

02.03.2006 Northern Caucasus. Conflict Spill-Over Outside the Chechen Republic in 2004-2005 (Ingushetia and Kabardino - Balkariya)

27.02.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». February 2006

27.02.2006 Ingushetia at the End of 2005: Explosions, Abductions, "Special Operations"

27.02.2006 Mulsim Gutseriev has been acquitted, the Jury Corrected 'Mistakes' of Investigators

05.02.2006 Representatives of Security Agencies Tried to Kidnap a Man From the Court Room After the Jury Passed an Acquittal

31.01.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». January 2006

23.01.2006 A Family Member of Applicant to European Court for Human Rights, Mekhti Mukhaev, Has been Illegally Detained and Subjected to Severe Torture

11.01.2006 The Borisovs: innocent people face 20 years in jail on trumped-up charges

09.11.2005 Starye Ataghi settlement was shelled

28.09.2005 A Conveyer of Violence. Human rights violations during anti-terrorist operations in the Republic of Ingushetia. September 2005

26.09.2005 An Open Letter to the Russian Public and the International Community

20.09.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». September 2005. “Ryazan trainings” continue in Nazran?

05.09.2005 The open letter to the Governments of the EU Member States and the Russian Federation, the Federal Assembly of Russia, the European Parliament, the European Commission, and the EU Council Secretary General

19.07.2005 The open letter to the Governments of the EU Members and the Russian Federation, the Federal Assembly of Russia, the European Parliament, the European Commission, and the EU Council Secretary General

05.07.2005 The Ivanovo “akromists” arrested for encroachment on the President and constitutional system of Uzbekistan

29.06.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» June 2005

01.06.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» April 2005

19.05.2005 Ingush-Osetian conflict of 1992: Roots and Evolvement (may 2005)

14.04.2005 Views of Russian NGOs - Human Rights Center "Memorial" and Center "Demos" Regarding the PACE Roundtable on Chechnya

06.04.2005 Mopping up operation in the village of Katayma in the city of Grozny

17.03.2005 Chechnya 2004: “New” Methods of Anti-Terror. Hostage taking and repressive actions against relatives of alleged combatants and terrorists

14.02.2005 Abducted Rights defender is free again

14.02.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»January 2005

09.02.2005 Cease-Fire in Chechnya and Talks with Maskhadov are Necessary. An Open Appeal to the President of the Russian Federation from Leading Russian Human Rights Activists

08.02.2005 Andreas Gross has directed the answer to the open letter Russian and International NGOs

08.02.2005 The Whereabouts of 7 Relatives of Maskhadov Remain Unknown

02.02.2005 [PACE] Declaration on the recent human rights violations in the Chechen Republic

01.02.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» December 2004

01.2005 From Chechenization to Palestinization - The Human Rights Situation in Chechnya and North Caucasus in 2004

24.01.2005 Open Letter from seven Russian and international human rights NGOs concerning the creation of a Round Table in the framework of the PACE Political Affairs Committee regarding human rights, democracy and the rule of law in the Chechen Republic

18.01.2005 We ask you to pay attention to the case of Zara Murtuzaliyeva - Monstrous fabrication of terrorism charge

14.01.2005 Chechnya: Who Is Behind Human Abductions?

12.01.2005 In December 2004 A. Maskhadov's eight relatives have been abducted in the Chechen Republic

10.12.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» November 2004

10.11.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» October 2004

04.11.2004 Power Agencies Assault the Mosque in Sleptsovsk

10.10.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» September 2004

10.09.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» August 2004

05.09.2004 Beslan: the Hostage-taking at the School

28.08.2004 Illegal Detainments and Summary Executions in Ingushetia (August-July)

24.08.2004 Armed Raid on Grozny, August 21, 2004

20.08.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
Chechen IDPs Forced Back to Chechnya: “Uchkhoz” in Yandare after June 21

10.08.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
July 2004

10.07.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
June 2004

10.06.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
May 2004

10.05.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
April 2004

07.05.2004 Refugees in Ingushetia. Reinstatement to the List. Only through Court?

15.04.2004 Detainment and Murders of 8 Shalinskii Region Residents of the Village of Duba-Urt

14.04.2004 Mother and Five Small Children Dead After Aerial Attack on Civilian House in Chechnya

10.04.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
March 2004

08.04.2004 Joint Statement by Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture, and Memorial "The Situation in Chechnya and Ingushetia Deteriorates. New Evidence of Enforced Disappearances, Rape, Torture, and Extrajudicial Executions"

10.03.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
February 2004

10.03.2004 "Voluntary Surrender" of Magomed Khambiev

10.02.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
January 2004

10.01.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
December 2003

Archive 1999-2003 ]