International Memorial Board

as elected for four years on 23 November 2014

  1. Ammer, Vera
  2. Andreyev, Pavel Vladimirovich
  3. Belenkin, Boris Isayevich
  4. Bityutsky, Vyacheslav Ilyich
  5. Blinushov, Andrei Yuryevich
  6. Bukalov, Alexander Pavlovich
  7. Gannushkina, Svetlana Alexeyevna
  8. Gori, Francesca
  9. Daniel, Alexander Yulyevich
  10. Zhemkova, Yelena Borisovna
  11. Zakharov, Evgeny Yefimovich
  12. Kalikh, Alexander Immanuilovich
  13. Kovalyov, Sergei Adamovich
  14. Krivenko, Sergei Vladimirovich
  15. Latypov, Robert Ramilevich
  16. Mironov, Alexander Germanovich
  17. Orlov, Oleg Petrovich
  18. Okhotin, Grigory Nikitich
  19. Pastukhova, Anna Yakovlevna
  20. Raczynski, Jan Zbigniewich
  21. Rogachyov, Mikhail Borisovich
  22. Roginsky, Arseny Borisovich
  23. Sazhin, Igor Valentinovich
  24. Sereda, Yulia Borisovna
  25. Flige, Irina Anatloyevna
  26. Khanevich, Vasily Antonovich
  27. Cherkasov, Alexander Vladimirovich
  28. Shvedov, Grigory Sergeyevich

Ammer, Vera

Born 1956 in Munich
Degrees in philosophy, Slavic studies, and East European history. Ph. D. degree in Rusisan philosophy (1988).
Professional experience
member of a Jewish weekly editorial board, later – an employee of the Central Jewish Council in Germany
1995 to present Translator and writer. Books and articles focus on politics, history and philosophy
Memorial and other public affiliations
1970s to present Involved in various human rights organisations.
2003 to present member of Memorial Germany (Berlin).
Contact details
Euskirchen, North-West Westphalia, Germany

Andreyev, Pavel Vladimirovich

Born 12 March, 1989, in Syktyvkar.
Degree in public relations from the Syktyvkar State University.
Professional experience
2012 Director of the 7*7 internet magazine
Pavel Andreyev has closely cooperated with the Centre for Social and Marketing Technologies, coordinating their campaigns in the Komi Republic, the Kirov Region and the Volga Region.
Memorial and other public affiliations
Early 2000s Part of public activities and diverse human rights, antifascist and environmental initiatives for youth.
2004 to present Member of the Komi Human Rights Commission
2014, November Member of the International Memorial board

Belenkin, Boris Isayevich

Born in Moscow in 1953
Degree in philology from the Moscow State Distance Learning Institute (1977). Degree in film studies from the All-Union Institute for Cinematography (Vgik, 1986).
Memorial activities
 Part of Memorial activities in the group that later emerged as the Research, Information, and Educational Centre Memorial
1990 to present Memorial Library director
1990 to present Member of the Research, Information and Education Society Memorial board
1998 to present member of the International Memorial board
2007 to present Research, Information and Educational Society Memorial executive director
Curator of exhibitions 50 Years of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact (1989), Katyn (1990), Nationalist Patriotic Propaganda in Russia Today (1992–1998)
In charge of Memorial collection of current political documents
Electronic Library of Public Organisations project (2004).
Memorial representnative at numerous events devoted to libraries, «new samizdat», the genre of biographies, history of terror, etc. Authored over 30 publications on the above topics.
Contact details
Postal address: 5/10 ul. Karetny Ryad, Moscow, 127006, Russia
Telephone: (495) 699-71-22
E-mail address:

Bityutskiy, Vyacheslav Ilyich

Born 2 October 1937 in the village of Lemeshkino, Rudyansky District, Volgograd Region
Marital Status
Married, two children, three grandchildren
Degree in economics from the Moscow Aviation Institute (1959). Degree in radio engineering from the Moscow Electronics Institute (1965). Doctor of Science (1970). Degree in law from the Civil Service Academy (1999).
Professional experience
An aviation plant, a research institute, and the Voronezh Polytechnic Institute
Public activities and affiliations
Member of Voronezh Soviet (regional parliament)
1992–1997 Deputy Chairman of the Rights of Victims of Political Repression Rehabilitation Commission
Advisor to the Voronezh Region Ombudsman.
Memorial activities
1988, December
Co-founder of Memorial in Voronezh
1988 to present Chairman of Voronezh Memorial
1994 to present Member of the International Memorial board
1998 to present Lawyer of the Migration and Law programme, Memorial Human Rights Centre since
Research interests
History of political justice
Contact details
Postal address: 19, kv. 13 Nikitskaya, Voronezh, 394000, Russia.
Telephone and fax: (473) 252-04-66.
E-mail address:

Blinushov, Andrei Yuryevich

Born in Ryazan in 1962
Degree in history from the Sergei Yesenin Ryazan Pedagogical Institute
Professional experience
An industrial plant, school, Interior Ministry, a private security firm, an inspectorate in the Cultural Monuments Preservation Society
Beginning his career as a correspondent, rose to editor-in-chief of the Ryazansky Vestnik independent newspaper. Deputy editor of the Vechernyaya Ryazan evening newspaper.
Editor-in-chief of the Ryazan-based Karta magazine that is focused on history and human rights.
Public activities and affiliations
 Member of the Ryazan City Soviet (city council)
1996 to present Chairman of the Rehabilitation of Political Repression Victims, Human Rights and Freedom of Speech Commission. Head of the Interregional Human Rights Group
Member of the expert board of the Russian Ombusdman.
Memorial activities
1989 to present
Chairman of Ryazan Memorial
1994–1996 Member of the NGOs observers group (Sergei Kovalyov’s Group) in Chechnya
1997 to present Editor-in-chief of the Human Rights in Russia internet website (Ryazan Memorial)

Bukalov, Alexander Pavlovich

Born 18 October 1954
Degree in physics, the Odessa University, 1976. A degree in human rights from the Polish Helsikin Human Rights Foundation (Warsaw).
Memorial activities
 Co-founder of a Memorial group in Donetsk
1989 to present Head of Donetsk Memorial
1998 to present International Memorial Board member
Alexander Bukalov's efforts were instrumental in the effort to erect a commemoriative plaque on the building that housed NKVD/KGB and the Rutchenkovo Field memorial where mass shooting of victims of repression took place.
Research and publications
Research interests mainly include human rights in the criminal justice system. Public interests include interaction between NGOs and the authorities.
Leader of research and education projects concerning human rights, some of these resulted in publications (books or brochures). Bukalov has helped organise tens of human rights seminars for law enforcement agencies. Also, he has provided support to human rights monitoring efforts in Ukraine.
Editor of Aspekt bulletin devoted to the Ukrainian penitentiary system.
Contact details
Postal address: P.O. 4836, Donetsk, 83092, Ukraine.
Telephone and fax +380-62 304-14-71, +380-97 907 06 49.
E-mail address:

Gannushkina, Svetlana Alexeyevna

Born in Moscow in 1942
the Moscow State University's Department of Mechanics and Mathematics in 1964
Marital status
Married, a daughter and a son, three grandchildren and a grandchild
Professional experience
 Lecturer in mathematics, the Historical Archives Institute, later renamed Moscow State University for the Humanities (RGGU)
Memorial and other public affiliations
 involved in peace making efforts in as the military conflict in Karabakh was underway, helping return home thousands of Azeri and Armenian refugees, an operation Gannushkina had been busy performing till 2005 introduction of lengthy prison sentences to prisoners of the conflict by the Azeri authorities
1990 co-founder, the Civic Assistance Committee, the first Russian NGO providing aid to refugees and forced migrants
1990 to present head of the Civic Assistance Committee. Alongside helping refugees, forced migrants and internally displaced people, the Committee has engaged in aid to labour migrants since 2008.
1989–1990s Co-founder of the Memorial Human Rights Centre
1996 founder of a network, Migration and Law (also known as Migration and Right) in order to provide free legal aid to refugees and migrants. The network, currently comprised of about 50 offices in Russia's regions (4 in Chechnya), received the 2004 Nansen Refugee Award (UNCHR) for helping defend refugee rights.
2002 member of the Human Rights Commission (two years later the Commission was transformed into the Presidential Council on Civil Society and Human Rights)
2009 member of the revamped Migration Commission under the Russian government that was reestablished after then-President Medvedev's first meeting with the Presidential Human Rights Council
 Open Society Institute (Soros Foundation) Award for Selfless Devotion
2000 CIS Countries Interparliamentary Assembly medal Tree of Friendship in acknowledgement of Gannushkina's contribution to creating a unified information space within the CIS
2001 Special Sign, Moscow Charities Council for contribution to charitable causes
2003 Amnesty Germany Human Rights Award
2006 Homo Homini award, Člověk v tísni (People in Need, the Czech Republic)
2007 The Sakharov Freedom Award
2010 Russian Cossacks Award for Faith in and Service to Russia

Gori, Francesca

A degree in the Russian language and literature from the University of Florence. Teaching certificate, Russian as a foreign language, the Moscow State University.
Professional experience
 Head of the East Europe Department and research coordinator, Fondazione Giangiacomo Feltrinelli
1985 to present Russian translator, Milan's editorial houses
Memorial activities
 Co-founder, Memorial Italy Association
Russian authors in Italian translation include Mikhail Lermontov, Ivan Turgenev, and Anton Chekhov. Another sphere of professional interests is inter-war history of the Soviet Union, including Italian immigration to the USSR in 1920s and 30s.
Francesca Gori has co-authored a book with Elena Dundovich, entitled Italiani nei lager di Stalin (Italians in Stalinist Camps) that appeared in Italian in 2006 and in Russian in 2009. Another important translation was a collection of essays written by Russian school students La Cecenia vista dai bambini (To Be a Chechen. Peace and War as Seen by School Students, 2007), edited by Irina Shcherbakova and Grigory Shvedov (Russian edition, 2004).

Daniel, Alexander Yulyevich

Born in 1951 in Moscow
A degree in mathematics, the Moscow State Pedagogical Institute, 1978.
Public activities and affiliations
1970s and 1980s
 Human rights information gathering and advocacy. Research into Soviet history
1973–1980 A Chronicle of Current Events, a Samizdat bulletin issued by Soviet human rights defenders
1975–1981 editorial board member, Pamyat', a collection of historical articles published outside the Soviet Union, thereby avoiding Soviet censorship.
Memorial activities
 Part of the Memorial movement
1989 to present Member of the Working Collegium (Governing Board) of the Memorial Society
1990 Member of the Research and Educational Centre Memorial in Moscow. Currently, member of the Research and Educational Centre's Council.
1990–2009 Head of the research programme A History of Dissent in the Soviet Union, 1950–1980s, under Memorial Research and Educational Centre's auspices
2009 Joined St. Petersburg Memorial. Contributor to the Gulag Virtual Museum project.
Articles on the rise of independent political activities in the USSR and the status of historical remembrance in Russia today. These appeared in Russian and foreign monographs and magazines as well as encyclopedias and works on historical pedagogy.
Co-editor of the books and brochures published by Memorial and Zvenya editorial house, writing introductions, compiling commentaries and indices.

Zhemkova, Yelena Borisovna

Born 6 August, 1961, in Saratov
Graduated in mathematics from the University of Odessa (1983).
Memorial activities
 Member of an initiative group behind the establishment of Memorial
1988 a member of Memorial organising committee
1989 to present Member of the All-Union (later International) Memorial Working Collegium (currently International Memorial board)
1995 to present International Memorial’s executive director
Member of the Research and Educational Centre Memorial council
Curator of joint Russian-German projects that include Victims of the Two Dictatorships looking into the stories of Ostarbeiter, East European nationals who were forcefully taken to Nazi labour camps during the Second World War.
Curator of youth-oriented Memorial projects including the school competition, the international Heinrich Boell Scholarships project, etc.
Research interests
The main area of research includes history of political repression and comparative analysis of Nazi and Soviet repressive mechanisms.
Public interests
in NGOs development; aid to NGOs activities.
Contact details
Postal address: 5/10 ulitsa Karetny Ryad, Moscow, 127006, Russia.
Telephone: (495) 650-78-83.
Fax: (495) 609-06-94.
E-mail address:

Zakharov, Evgeny Efimovich

Born in Kharkiv (Kharkov) in 1952
Department of Mechanics and Mathematics, Kharkov State University, in 1975. Doctor of Sciences (1985).
Professional experience
Mathematician and engineer, Kharkiv’s industrial plants
1988–1992 Express Khronika correspondent in Kharkiv
Public activities and affiliations
1970s and 1980s
 Part of the human rights movement, circulating Samizdat publications and helping families of victims of consciousness
1988–1992 Kharkiv City Soviet member
1990 to present Deputy head of the Kharkiv City Rehabilitation Commission
1993–1997 member of the Ukrainian American Human Rights Bureau.Editor of the Human Rights in Ukraine magazine.
1993 to present Editor-in-chief, the Human Rights weekly
1999 to present Editor-in-chief, Human Rights and Privacy quarterly
2004–2008 Board Chairman, Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union
2009 to present board member, Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union
Memorial activities
 Coordinator of the Kharkiv Memorial human rights group
1989 Member of the Kharkiv Memorial Council
1990 Kharkiv Memorial Council co-chairman
1994 to present Member of the International memorial board
1997 to present Director of the Kharkiv Human Rights Group
Over 200 articles on human rights and related topics in Ukraine, Russia, Lithuania, Germany, France, the US, Canada, Denmark, Poland, and Norway (1987–2010).

Kalikh, Alexander Immanuilovich

Degree in journalism from the Urals State University (1967)
Professional experience
Deputy editor of the Perm-based newspaper for youth, Permskaya Pravda Correspondent and editorial board member, Zvezda newspaper.
One of the founders and organisers of the Perm city club, Dialog.
Editor of Vremya, a newspaper established by a group of USSR and Russian parliamentarians. Member of the founding group behind Permskiye Novosti newspaper. Deputy editor of Permskiye Novosti.
Public activities and affiliations
Co-organiser, From the Language of Violence towards the Language of Peace, a public campaign for the alternative civil service
Monument to the victims of political repression erected under Alexander Kalikh’s leadership at Yegoshikhinskoye Cemetery, Perm.
Memorial activities
 Founder of Perm Memorial
1988 to present Perm Memorial chairman
Founder of the youth programme, Perm Memorial, including the following projects:

  • Human Rights School
  • Volunteers helping victims of political repression
  • Summer camps for volunteers on the premises of the Perm-36 Memorial Museum
  • Lessons of the Past, a series of moving exhibitions exploring the history of political repression
  • Alternative civilian service, creating a model that may replace the compulsory military service

1998 to present Member of International Memorial Board
 Medal of the Order for Fatherland commemorating the decade of Perm Memorial’s achievement

Kovalyov, Sergei Adamovich

Russian Memorial Chairman
Born 2 March 1930, Seredina-Buda, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Degree in physiology from the Moscow State University in 1954. Doctor of Sciences.
Public activities and affiliations
 Involved in human rights activism
1969 Sergei Kovalyov meets Andrei Sakharov. Kovalyov and Sakharov became close friends.
1967, 28 May – 1974 Member of the Initiative Group for Human Rights Defence in USSR. Members of the group were among those who established A Chronicle of Current Events, a Samizdat human rights bulletin that was issued and circulated in 1968–1982. The group had to halt its activities in due to ongoing repression.
1974, September Member of the Soviet branch of Amnesty International
1974, 28 December Arrest. A court in Vilnius sentences Sergei Kovalyov to seven years' imprisonment under Article 70 of the RSFSR Criminal Code for «anti-Soviet propaganda,» to be served in a strict regime camp, followed by three years' exile.
1974–1984 imprisonment and exile
1987 co-chairman of the Human Rights Project Group, International Foundation for the Survival and Development of Humanity.
mid-1987 Co-founder, the Glasnost Press Club
1990, 4 March elected to the RFSR Supreme Soviet (upper chamber of the Russian parliament). Chairman of the RFSR Supreme Soviet's Human Rights Committee.
1990–1994 head of the Russian delegation to the UN Human Rights Commission in Geneva.
1991 co-chairman of the Soviet delegation to the Moscow meeting of the OSCE Human Dimension Conference.
1993, February member of the Presidential Council
1993, autumn member of the working group created by President Boris Yeltsin to consider a draft of the Russian Federation Constitution as adopted by the Constitutional Assembly.
1993, November – 1996, January Chairman of the Human Rights Commission under the President of the Russian Federation. Russia's ombudsman till March 1995.
1995 volunteers as a hostage during Shamil Basayev's terrrorist attack on Budyonnovsk.
1993–1995, 1995–1999, 1999–2003 Russian State Duma MP
2003 Duma MP candidate, No 1 on St. Petersburg Yabloko party list
2007 Duma MP candidate, No 2 on Yabloko's federal party list.

Krivenko, Sergei Vladimirovich

Born 1962 in the Moscow Region
The Moscow Institute of Physics and Engineering in 1985 . Post-graduate studies. Doctor of Science (1996).
Professional experience
 Levedev Physics Institute under the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Public activities and affiliations
Coordinator of the public initiative Citizen and the Army.
2010 to present Director of the Citizen. Army. Law Human Rights Group
2004 to present – member of the Expert Council under the Russian Ombudsman.
2009 to present Member of the Presidential Council on Civil Society and Human Rights.
Secretary of the all-Russia Coalition of Public Associations For Democratic Alternative Civilian Service.
Memorial activities
1988, February
Member of the Memorial Society
1989 Coordinator, Solovky community, Moscow Memorial. Organiser, annual days of remembrance, Solovky, representing Moscow Memorial.
1990 part of the Research and Educational Centre Memorial
1999–2005 Leader, summer volunteer camps for young people, Solovky.
2002 to present Member of International Memorial Board
Reference book on prison camps and other penitential institutions in USSR in 1923 to 1960 (1998).
Articles on alternative civilian service. Editor of a series of reports On Violations of Human and Civic Rights and Liberties in the Process of Military Conscription in the Russian Federation (2003–2010) and the report Violations of Rights of the Military Personnel Serving under Contract (June 2008).
Contact details
Telephone and fax: +7 (495) 607-16-32
E-mail address:

Latypov, Robert Ramilevich

Chairman of the Perm Regional Branch of International Memorial
Chairman of the Perm Centre for the Support of Democratic Youth Initiatives (Youth Memorial) (since 2014, earlier served as co-chairman)
Born 28 July 1973 in the town of Berezniki, Perm Region
Degree in history, the Perm State University in 1995.
Professional experience
 researcher, Museum of the Perm Region
1999–2001 researcher, Perm-36 Memorial Museum of the History of Political Repression.
2000–2012 Group leader, over twenty groups, camp for young volunteers on the premises of Perm-36 Memorial Museum, as well as other interregional and international volunteer camps in the Perm Region.
Public activities
Coordinator of public campaign My World Without Violence! aimed at combatting xenophobia and intolerance and the establishment of the language of peace in Perm society.
Head of the Volunteer Creative Workshop, Youth Memorial education seminars for young volunteers in the Perm Region and the rest of the Volga Federal District.
Head of the historical and educational project for young volunteers Along the River of Memory, a search expedition on the sites of Gulag camps and villages.
Latypov has taught in Perm and Perm Region . His teaching concentrated on history of political repression in the USSR, methodology of historical research and young people’s rights advocacy in Russia today.
Trainer for young people civic activists and volunteers. Other trainings are devoted to aural history methodology and practice of field research.
Memorial activities
Coordinator of the project aimed at the alternative civilian service and humanisation of the military service in the Perm Region. Within the project framework, Latypov gave advice to conscripts and military personnel and provided education on human rights defence. Latypov organised action and campaigns for pacifism and against militarism.
2000 to present member of the Centre for the Support of Democratic Youth Initiatives (Youth Memorial) in Perm
2014 to present Chairman of the Perm Centre for the Support of Democratic Youth Initiatives (Youth Memorial)
Articles on preservation of the memory of victims of political repression and development of volunteers movement.
Contact details
Telephone: +7 (342) 281-95-59
E-mail address:

Mironov, Alexander Germanovich

Born 1967 in Bratsk, Irkutsk Region
Bratsk Teachers’ Training College (1990). Irkutsk State University (1997). Ph. D. in history (2010).
Professional experience
School teacher in Bratsk. Teacher, the Bratsk State University. History and social studies teacher, Moscow's School No. 56 (Academician Legasov School).
Memorial activities
 Work at Bratsk Memorial
1998–2007 Bratsk Memorial’s Council Chairman
Awards and scholarships
Ph.D. degree studies, Ford Foundation scholarship, the Civil Service Department, Moscow State University.
Research interests
History of Gulag special camps.
Martial status
Married, two children.
Contact details
E-mail address:

Orlov, Oleg Petrovich

Born in Moscow in 1953.
Degree in biology from the Moscow State University in 1976.
Professional experience
Researcher, Plant Physiology Institute, USSR Academy of Sciences
Public activities
Oleg Orlov single-handedly produced and circulated flyers against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan (1979) and in support of Solidarity in Poland (1981).
1991, August Defender of the Russian Federation Supreme Soviet building (the so-called Russian White House) during the 19-21 August 1991 coup attempt
1991–1993 expert of the Russian Supreme Soviet Committee on Human Rights. Helped draft the laws on humanising the penitentiary system in Russia and on rehabilitation of political repression victims.
November 2004 – October 2006 Member of the Presidential Council on Civil Society and Human Rights in, a position he resigned following President Putin's statement on Novaya Gazeta's Anna Politkovskaya's murder
April 2004 to present Member of the expert council under the Russian Ombudsman
Memorial activities
 member of an initiative group behind the creation of Memorial
1990 actively involved in the work of the Human Rights Centre that emerged as part of the Memorial Society, researching political persecution in Russia and the post-Soviet countries. Subsequently, head of the «Hot Spots» programme.
1991–1994 Missions to the military conflict zones in Armenia, Azerbajan, Tadjikistan, Moldova, Ingush-Ossetians conflict in the North Caucasus
1993, September – October Following dissolution of the Supreme Soviet President Boris Yeltsin, Oleg Orlov was head of the Memorial's mission aimed at monitoring human rights violations by both sides in the armed standoff in Moscow
1994, December Part of the Russian Ombudsman Sergei Kovalyov's mission to Chechnya during the first Chechen war
1995–1996 coordinator of the Supervising Mission of Russian human rights NGOs in the zone of the military conflict in Chechnya
1995, June Part of Sergei Kovalyov's group. Participated in negotiations with the Shamil Basayev-led terrorist group during the hostage taking in Budyonnovsk
1996–2011 Chairman of the Memorial Human Rights Centre's Council
1999 Leader of the Memorial observer mission in the region during Dagestan’s invasion by illegal armed units
1999, October As the Second Chechen war began, Orlov was put in charge of Memorial's work in the North Caucasus, a position he has retained ever since
2008, autumn Mission to Georgia aimed at investigating the aftermath of the military conflict between Russia and Georgia in August 2008
Member of the Board, Russian Memorial, International Memorial
2009 Orlov issues public statement saying Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov was responsible for the killing of Memorial’s Natalia Estemirova in Chechnya (July 2009). Following the statement, Orlov is charged with slander under Article 129, Part 3 of the Russian Criminal Code. In 2011 Orlov is acquitted of charges.
2014–2016 Numerous missions to the armed conflict area in the east of Ukraine to collect evidence concerning possible human rights and international humanitarian law
Member of the Board, Russian Memorial, International Memorial
Authored and co-authored a number of books and articles
Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought (2009)
Moscow Helsinki Group Award (2012)
Contact details
Postal address: 5/10 ulitsa Karetny Ryad, Moscow, 127006, Russia.
E-mail address:

Okhotin, Grigory Nikitich

Born 1982
Professional experience
A co-founder of OVD-Info and Zakrytoye Obshchestvo (‘closed society’) internet projects.
Work experience includes, Vedomosti news paper, RIA Novosti.
Memorial activities and affiliations
2012 to present OVD-Info project as part of Memorial Human Rights Centre
Member of Memorial Human Rights Centre’s council.


Pastukhova, Anna Yakovlevna

Degree in history, the Penza State Pedagogical University (1973).
Professional experience
1975–1994 teacher of literature and arts, a college in Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg)
Memorial activities
1992 to present
Chairwoman, Yekaterinburg Memorial. Programme Director, Information and Human Rights Centre, Yekaterinburg.
Projects include:

  • Creating human rights and education infrastructure in the region (Yekaterinburg, Sverdlosdk Region, the Urals)
  • Human rights office, an advisory establishment for the public that serves as a consultancy on human rights
  • Coordinating and aiding human rights and educational projects
  • Open university of civil rights and liberties (a series of lectures)
  • Public Dialogue, news agency, bulletin and club of human rights NGOs (a club bringing together human rights NGOs in Yekaterinburg and the Urals)
  • Integrating human rights NGOs and independent media into the internet
  • Urals monitoring group

1998–2001 Memorial board representative to regional offices:

  • Monitoring of regional activities
  • Aid to human rights and education groups in the region
  • Training on organising activities of public associations and NGOs
  • Creating interregional cooperation projects and development of horizontal ties between Memorial offices

Public affiliations
coordinator of programmes supporting young people’s initiatives, Tochka Opory and Tvoi Mir Za Oknom (Moscow), regional trips, aid to NGOs, monitoring of NGO project activities
Contact details
Postal address: P.O. box 01, 99 Lenina prospekt, Yekaterinburg, 620062, Russia
Telephone and fax: +7 (343) 374-31-99, telephone + 7 (343) 362-42-29.
Mobile telephone: + 7 (902) 877-40-70.
E-mail address:,

Raczynski, Jan Zbigniewich – International Memorial Board Chairman

Born 1958 in Moscow
Department of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow State University (1982)
Professional experience
 Computer programmer
Memorial activities
Summer 1988
 Participant of the first Memorial organisations
1990–1995 Member of human rights missions to conflict zones in Karabakh, Transnistria, North Ossetia's Prigorodny District, and Chechnya
2014–2015 Member of several human rights missions to the conflict zone in east of Ukraine, aimed at information gathering and overseeing compliance to human rights and international humanitarian law. Participated in writing Memorial Human Rights Centre's analytical papers issued following the Ukrainian missions.
Member of the Memorial Human Rights Centre council. Co-chairman of Moscow Memorial.
2018, March 22. Jan Raczynski elected International Memorial Board Chairman.
Editor-in-chief of the project aimed at creating an electronic memorial book of political repression victims, with the 2007 edition comprising over 2,6 m names of victims from each region in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyztan, Uzbekistan and parts of Ukraine
Contact details
Postal address: 5/10 ulitsa Karetny Ryad, Moscow, 127006, Russia
Telephone: (495) 650-78-83
Fax: (495) 609-06-94
E-mail address:

Rogachyov, Mikhail Borisovich

Born 1952 in Riga (Latvia).
Degree in history, the Leningrad State University. Ph.D. (history).
Professional experience
History teacher, the Komi Republic
Tuiskeres village (Ust’-Vymsky District), researcher in the ethnography section, Language, Literature, and History Institute in Komi, Russian Academy of Sciences.
1992 to present history teacher, the Komi Republic Lyceum, part of the Syktyvkar State University.
Public activities and affiliations
2000 to present
 – Chairman of the board, Komi Republic Charitable Public Fund for Political Repression Victims Pokayaniye (Confession)
Memorial activities
 – involved in Memorial activities
1990–2007 Chairman of the board, Syktyvkar Public Association Memorial
185 research articles in Komi and elsewhere in Russia plus in Finland, Estonia, Poland, and France. Titles include: Historical Chronicles of the Komi Republic (2002, co-author); Polish tragedy in facts and documents (2002), Repression against Orthodox clergy and monks in Komi (biographies, 2005), Zyransky Krai capital (essays in history of Ust’ – Sysslsk, late 18th to early 20th centuries, 2006 and 2010).
Member of editorial board of the Komi Encyclopaedia (3 vols, 1997-2000). Komi Atlas (2001), "Connecting times@ (2000), Peoples of the Volga and Urals Regions (2002), History of Komi Republic (2 vols), History of Komi Republic of Schools, 7 to 11 grade, Komi Chronicle Tetxbook. Editor-in-chief of the Komi Republic multi-volume martyrology book Pokayaniye (Confession).
Contact details
Telephones: +7 (8212) 21-94-17, +7 (8212) 21-53-08
Postal address: Pokayaniye Fund, office 321, 229 Karl Marx ulitsa, Syktyvkar, 167000, Russia
E-mail addresses:,

Roginsky, Arseny Borisovich 

Department of History and Philology, Tartu University, Estonia
Public activities and affiliations
 editor of Pamyat, a samizdat collection of articles on history of political repression in USSR
1981–1985 prison camps detention for publishing (outside USSR and in Samizdat circulation) documents on Soviet terror. Rehabilitated in 1992
Memorial activities
 Involved in Memorial activities
1989 – member of the Working Collegium (board) of All-Union (later International) Memorial
1996–2017 – Chairman of the Board, International Memorial
Research articles and collection of documents on public movement in Russia in the 19th and 20th century and mass-scale repression in USSR. Edited a number of books on the topics above.

Sazhin, Igor Valentinovich

Born 20 August 1963
Degree history from the Syktyvkar State University
2000 Degree from the Human Rights Trainers' School (the Netherlands, Poland, Russia)
2003 Human Rights Courses, Warsaw
Professional experience
Compulsory service in the Soviet Navy in the Far East (Vladivostok).
Teaching experience of over 20 years
School teacher of history
Teacher of history and social studies, Public Diplomacy Lyceum, Syktyvkar
1990 – research into special village Ichet-Di, Troitsky-Pechyorsky District
1992 expeditions with school students to explore burials of victims of repression and to collect their memories. Wrote a brochure on how to conduct search for burial sites.
Memorial activities
Member of Syktyvkar Public Organisation Memorial
1996 – participated in the establishment of Human Rights Commission, part of Syktyvkar Memorial
1996 to present Chairman, Human Rights Commission, Syktyvkar
2006–2007 six seminars in Komi for human rights activists and NGOs, part of a Komi Human Rights Commission Memorial
Public affiliations
2003, November
participated in a meeting of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Geneva. and presented an alternative report
2000 to present trainer in human rights, Moscow Helsinki Group
Training included Women's Chamber of the Komi Republic project: public ombudsman on women's rights in Komi, gender issues education team in Komi, Women and Power (53 seminars)
2002–2009 member of the Commission on Amnesty under the Komi President
2003, November deputy chairman of the Public Chamber in Komi, an association created by public NGOs. After Komi officials established the Public Chamber of the Komi Republic Sazhin ceased its activities in the Chamber
2004, January – 2007 Chairman of the Public Council of the Federal the Penitentiary Service in the Komi Republic
2007, 3 June coordinator of Human Rights Coalition of the Komi Republic
2007, September to 2009 member of the public council under Komi Prosecutor General
2007, September seminars in Warsaw, Helsinki Human Rights Foundation
2008, December member oft Public Oversight Commission (monitoring Komi penitentiary system)
2009, November trainer of education programmes of the Civic Assistance committee for young people from the Caucasus region
2011 member of the monitoring mission of the International Belarus Human Rights Monitoring Committee.
Komi Project Coordinator, Moscow Helsinki Group, including annual human rights monitoring in Russia, Duma election monitoring (1999, 2006), Presidential election monitoring (2000), psychiatry medical establishments monitoring (2003), penitentiary system monitoring (2002, 2004), nationalism and xenophobia monitoring in Russia (2002, 2004, 2005, 2006).
Coordinator of For Civil Society Fund project monitoring social and economic rights in Russia and contributed to the UN report on social and economic rights.
Two books on repression in Komi: Kulaks, history of special village Ichet-Di, Gulyashor and its residents from the time of the commune to our day (history of a colony in the vicinity of Mutnitsa village).

Sereda, Yulia Borisovna

Born 28 March 1960 in the town of Makeyevka, Donetsk Region
Ryazan Radio Engineering Institute
Professional experience
 engineer at an industrial plant, programmer at a research institute and a military college in Ryazan
1990–1993 Correspondent, Ryazansky Vestnik independent newspaper
1991–1993 Correspondent, Vechernya Ryazan evening newspaper
1992–2007, deputy editor -in-chief, Karta, a Ryazan-based magazine of history and human rights
1993–2003, deputy editor of the Bulletin of Pluralism Centres international periodical, based in Warsaw
Memorial acvitities
1989 to present
member of the board, Ryazan Historical, Educational, Human Rights and Charitable Society Memorial
2006 to present member of the board, International Memorial
1996 to present member of the council of the Human Rights Network inter-regional group
1996 Participated in the NGOs observer mission in the Chechen military conflict zone
1997 to present news editor, Human Rights in Russia internet website
Gold Medal, Ministry of Culture, Council for Preservation of Monuments to Fighting and Martyrdom, Poland
Marital status
married, a daughter
Contact details
Telephone: +7 (4912) 30-06-50
E-mail address:
Skype account: jssegal

Flige, Irina Anatolyevna

née Fyodorova, 1981–1999 Reznikova
Born 25 January 1960 in Leningrad
A degree in geography from the Leningrad State University (1988).
Memorial activities
 involved in Memorial activities
1991 staff member of Memorial Research Centre (St. Petersburg)
1998 to present member of the board, St. Petersburg Memorial
2002 to present director of Memorial Research Centre (St. Petersburg)
Main projects include: Gulag Virtual Museum, Necropolis of Terror
Contact details
E-mail address:

Khanevich, Vasily Antonovich

Historian, educator, museum researcher
Member of the Memorial Society since December 1988
Date and place of birth
1 November 1956, the village of Belostok, Krivosheinsky District, Tomsk Region
Vasily Khanevich was born into the family of Polish migrants who moved to Siberia in the late 19th or early 20th century. Khanevich's grandparents and grand-grandparents fell victims to the so called NKVD 'Polish operation"and Khanevich's father served his sentence in Gulag prison camp in 1949–1953
Degree political economy from the Tomsk State University in 1980
Professional experience
Teacher at schools and higher educational establishments in Tomsk. Subjects included economics, history, philosophy, and political science.
1980s and early 1990s Voluntary museum work, the first Russian Museum of Political Repression History (founded by Tomsk Memorial, originally part of the Shatilov Tomsk Region Museum)
1993 keeper, Museum of Political Repression History, Tomsk
2000 senior researcher, Museum of Political Repression History, Tomsk
2002 head of NKVD Investigative Prison museum
Curator of exhibitions. Vasily Khanevichhelped establish co-operation with school and university students and former victims of political repression. At Khanevich's initiative, a school museum of a Polish village in Siberia was created in the village of Belostok, Krivosheinsky District, Tomsk Region. Also, Nikolai Klyuev Literary Museum was created in School No. 58 in Tomsk.
Memorial activities 
1988, December
Involvement in Memorial activities following Tomsk Regional Historical, Educational, Human Rights and Charitable Society Memorial establishment. Member of Memorial's historical section
1989 Tomsk Memorial Council member
1995–2011 Tomsk Memorial Council co-chairman
2011 to present Tomsk Memorial Chairman
Public affiliations
Khanevich has been closely involved in public and cultural events in Tomsk and the Tomsk Region and is one of Tomsk Polish diaspora leaders.
1995–2005 Founder and head, Tomsk Polish National Centre Bely Oryol (White Eagle)
2007–2011 Member of the Public Chamber of the Tomsk Region
2009–2013 Member of the amnesty commission under the Tomsk governor
2009–2010 Member of the Cultural Department of the Tomsk Region collegium
2013 to present Member of the Public Oversight Commission monitoring the penitentiary system in Tomsk
Honours and awards
Holder of awards from the Tomsk Region Museum, the Cultural Department of the Tomsk Region, Tomsk Regional governor, Tomsk Duma (2014).
2004 400 Years of Tomsk medal
2006 For Contribution to Russia's Peoples' Heritage award, a medal by the Russian Union of Historical Towns and Regions
2011 Letter of thanks, Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation
2013 Russia's ombudsman Medal
2014 Dmitry Likhachyov Award for Outstanding Contribution into Preservation of Russia's Historical and Cultural Heritage
International awards
 the Cross of Honour, for extensive work aimed at researching and strengthening Russian-Polish cultural ties in Siberia, award by the President of the Republic of Poland
2012 Bene Merito medal, award by the Polish Foreign Minister
Research interests
history of political repression in the Soviet Union, history of the Polish diaspora and the Catholic Church in Siberia, as well as regional studies, necropolis studies and genealogy.
Speaker at numerous scientific conferences and seminars in Russia, Poland, Belarus, and Germany. One of organisers of international conferences in Tomsk.
Nine books and monographs and over 150 articles published in specialised magazines on museums and history in Russia, Poland, and Belarus.
Vasily Khanevich's biography is part of Polak w Swiecie. Leksykon PoloniiI $3 Polakow za granica (2001), a biographical reference book of ethnic Poles abroad.

Cherkasov, Alexander Vladimirovich

Born 1966
A degree in physics and engineering, Moscow Institute of Physics and Engineering (MIFI)
Professional experience
Kurchatov Atomic Energy Institute
Memorial activities
 Memorial activist and researcher into dissident movement in the Soviet Union. Participant in the process of Human Rights Centre establishment as part of Memorial structure
1990 to present Volunteer and then staff member, Memorial Human Rights Centre investigating violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in military conflict zones and pre- and post-conflict zones on the former USSR territory.
early 1990s Part of human rights NGOs missions to the «hot spots» of Armenia and Azerbajan (Nagorny Kharabakh), Georgia (South Ossetia), and Moldova (Transnistria).
1993, September – October Part of Memorial mission aiding victims of the military standoff on both sides. Part of Memorial independent investigations of the October 1993 events
1994 to present Focus on armed conflicts in the North Caucasus including North Ossetia, Ingushetia, Chechnya, Dagestan, and other regions.
1994–1995, 1999–2005 Missions to first and second wars in Chechnya, including presence on the frontline. Information gathering, search for missing persons, war prisoners, victims of abductions and hostages, aid to other victims of the military conflict. Later, part of an editorial board of publications of missing persons who were seized by Russian security personnel
2008, August and later Missions to South Ossetia following the war between Russia and Georgia. Information gathering (human rights, humanitarian law situation) concerning both sides of the conflict. Part of the team behind Memorial reports on the conflict
2012 to present Chairman of the Memorial Human Rights Centre Board
«Hot Spots» topics, including analytical papers and books. Titles include: Behind Their Backs (hostage taking by the Russian federal forces), An Uknown Soldire of the Caucasus War (POWs and missing soldiers, the first war in Chechnya); Russia – Chechnya, A Chain of Mistakes and Crimes, Targeted Strikes (unselective artellery shelling, missile strikes and airstrikes at the beginning of the second war in Chechnya), Cleansing (mass-scale killings during the security operation in the village of Novye Aldy, Chechnya, 5 February 2000), Chechnya: A Life at War, Three Years of Peace: Memorial Human Rights Centre Bulletins, Summer 2006 to Summer to 2009.
Working as a journalist since 2003, Cherkasov has produced hundreds of articles on topics ranging from human rights to wider Memorial and history issues. These appeared in Ezhenedelny Zhurnal (Ezhednevny Zhurnal,, The New Times, Novaya Gazeta,,, and elsewhere. Interviews to Radio Liberty and Echo Moscow. Main topic is human rights.
Public activities and affiliations
Member of the Council of Experts under Russia's Ombudsman
Contact details
Postal address: 5/10 ulitsa Karetny Ryad, Moscow, 127006, Russia
E-mail address: